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aberrant (adjective)
markedly different from an accepted norm
aberration (noun)
a deviation from what is normal or expected
abstain (verb)
choose not to consume or take part in (particularly something enjoyable)
abstruse (adjective)
difficult to understand; incomprehensible
accolade (noun)
an award or praise granted as a special honor
acerbic (adjective)
harsh in tone
acrimony (noun)
bitterness and ill will
adamant (adjective)
refusing to change one's mind
admonish (verb)
to warn strongly, even to the point of reprimanding
admonitory (adjective)
serving to warn; expressing reproof or reproach especially as a corrective
aesthete (noun)
one who professes great sensitivity to the beauty of art and nature
aesthetic (adjective)
concerned with the appreciation of beauty
aesthetic (noun)
a set of principles underlying and guiding the work of a particular artist or artistic
amalgam (noun)
a mixture of multiple things
ambiguous (adjective)
open to more than one interpretation
ambivalent (adjective)
mixed or conflicting emotions about something
ameliorate (verb)
make something bad better
amenable (adjective)
easily persuaded
amorphous (adjective)
anomalous (adjective)
not normal
anomaly (noun)
something that is not normal, standard, or expected
antipathy (noun)
an intense feeling of dislike or aversion
antithetical (adjective)
sharply contrasted in character or purpose
apathetic (adjective)
marked by a lack of interest
apathy (noun)
an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
apocryphal (adjective)
being of questionable authenticity
appease (verb)
pacify by acceding to the demands of
arbitrary (adjective)
based on a random, groundless decision
arcane (adjective)
requiring secret or mysterious knowledge
arduous (adjective)
demanding considerable mental effort and skill; testing powers of endurance
artful (adjective)
exhibiting artistic skill
artful (adjective)
clever in a cunning way
ascetic (adjective)
practicing self-denial
ascetic (noun)
one who practices great self-denial
askance (adverb)
with a look of suspicion or disapproval
audacious (adjective)
willing to be bold in social situations or to take risks
audacity (noun)
aggressive boldness in social situations
auspicious (adjective)
favorable, the opposite of sinister
austere (adjective)
practicing self-denial
austere (adjective)
unadorned in style or appearance
austere (adjective)
harsh in manner of temperament
avaricious (adjective)
excessively greedy
banal (adjective)
repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse
banality (noun)
a trite or obvious remark
belie (verb)
to give a false representation to; misrepresent
belligerent (adjective)
characteristic of one eager to fight
betray (verb)
to reveal or make known something, usually unintentionally
blatant (adjective)
without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious
bolster (verb)
support and strengthen
brazen (adjective)
unrestrained by convention or propriety
bucolic (adjective)
relating to the pleasant aspects of the country
bumbling (adjective)
lacking physical movement skills, especially with the hands
burgeon (verb)
grow and flourish
calumny (noun)
making of a false statement meant to injure a person"s reputation
capricious (adjective)
determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason
castigate (verb)
to reprimand harshly
censure (verb)
to express strong disapproval
chastise (verb)
to reprimand harshly
chortle (verb)
to chuckle, laugh merrily
circumscribe (verb)
restrict or confine
circumvent (verb)
cleverly find a way out of one's duties or obligations
commensurate (adjective)
to be in proportion or corresponding in degree or amount
concede (verb)
acknowledge defeat
concede (verb)
admit (to a wrongdoing)
concede (verb)
give over; surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another
confound (verb)
be confusing or perplexing to
confound (verb)
mistake one thing for another
conspicuous (adjective)
without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious
constituent (noun)
a citizen who is represented in a government by officials for whom he or she votes
constituent (noun)
an abstract part of something
construe (verb)
interpreted in a particular way
contingent (noun)
a gathering of persons representative of some larger group
contingent (adjective)
possible but not certain to occur
contrition (noun)
the feeling of remorse or guilt that comes from doing something bad
contrive (verb)
to pull off a plan or scheme, usually through skill or trickery
copious (adjective)
in abundant supply
craven (adjective)
pathetically cowardly
cryptic (adjective)
mysterious or vague, usually intentionally
culminate (verb)
reach the highest or most decisive point
culpability (noun)
a state of guilt
decorous (adjective)
characterized by good taste in manners and conduct
decorum (noun)
propriety in manners and conduct
deferential (adjective)
showing respect
deleterious (adjective)
harmful to living things
delineate (verb)
describe in detail
demur (verb)
to object or show reluctance
denigrate (verb)
charge falsely or with malicious intent; attack the good name and reputation of
denote (verb)
be a sign or indication of; have as a meaning
derivative (adjective)
(or a creative product, e.g. music, writing, etc.) not original but drawing on the
derive (verb)
come from; be connected by a relationship of blood, for example
derive (verb)
reason by deduction; establish by deduction
dictatorial (adjective)
expecting unquestioning obedience; characteristic of an absolute ruler
didactic (adjective)
instructive (especially excessively)
diffident (adjective)
showing modest reserve; lacking self-confidence
dilatory (adjective)
wasting time
dilettante (noun)
an amateur who engages in an activity without serious intentions and who pretends
disaffected (adjective)
discontented as toward authority
discrete (adjective)
constituting a separate entity or part
disinterested (adjective)
unbiased; neutral
dispassionate (adjective)
unaffected by strong emotion or prejudice
disseminate (verb)
cause to become widely known
dogmatic (adjective)
highly opinionated, not accepting that your belief may not be correct
duress (noun)
compulsory force or threat
eclectic (adjective)
comprised of a variety of styles
economical (adjective)
avoiding waste, efficient
edifying (adjective)
enlightening or uplifting so as to encourage intellectual or moral improvement
efficacious (adjective)
producing the intended result
egregious (adjective)
standing out in negative way; shockingly bad
elicit (verb)
call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)
elucidate (verb)
make clearer and easier to understand
eminent (adjective)
standing above others in quality or position
enervate (verb)
to sap energy from
engender (verb)
give rise to
entrenched (adjective)
fixed firmly or securely
ephemeral (adjective)
lasting a very short time
equivocal (adjective)
confusing or ambiguous
eradicate (verb)
to completely destroy
erudite (adjective)
having or showing profound knowledge
eschew (verb)
avoid and stay away from deliberately; stay clear of
esoteric (adjective)
confined to and understandable by only an enlightened inner circle
espouse (verb)
to adopt or support an idea or cause
exacerbate (verb)
make worse
exacting (adjective)
requiring and demanding accuracy
exalt (verb)
praise or glorify
exonerate (verb)
pronounce not guilty of criminal charges
expound (verb)
add details or explanation; clarify the meaning; state in depth
extant (adjective)
the opposite of extinct
fallacious (adjective)
of a belief that is based on faulty reasoning
fastidious (adjective)
overly concerned with details; fussy
flux (noun)
a state of uncertainty about what should be done (usually following some important event)
foment (verb)
try to stir up public opinion
forlorn (adjective)
marked by or showing hopelessness
forthcoming (adjective)
available when required or as promised
forthcoming (adjective)
at ease in talking to others
fortuitous (adjective)
occurring by happy chance; having no cause or apparent cause
frivolous (adjective)
not serious in content or attitude or behavior
frugal (adjective)
not spending much money (but spending wisely)
frustrate (verb)
hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of
furtive (adjective)
marked by quiet and caution and secrecy; taking pains to avoid being observed
gainsay (verb)
deny or contradict; speak against or oppose
gall (noun)
the trait of being rude and impertinent
gall (noun)
feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will
galvanize (verb)
to excite or inspire (someone) to action
garrulous (adjective)
full of trivial conversation
gauche (adjective)
lacking social polish
germane (adjective)
relevant and appropriate
glut (noun)
an excessive supply
glut (verb)
supply with an excess of
gossamer (adjective)
characterized by unusual lightness and delicacy
gregarious (adjective)
to be likely to socialize with others
guileless (adjective)
free of deceit
hackneyed (adjective)
lacking significance through having been overused
haphazard (adjective)
marked by great carelessness; dependent upon or characterized by chance
harangue (noun)
a long pompous speech; a tirade
harangue (verb)
to deliver a long pompous speech or tirade
harried (adjective)
troubled persistently especially with petty annoyances
haughty (adjective)
having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as
hegemony (adjective)
dominance over a certain area
heretic (noun)
a person who holds unorthodox opinions in any field (not merely religion)
iconoclast (noun)
somebody who attacks cherished beliefs or institutions
iconoclastic (adjective)
defying tradition or convention
idiosyncrasy (noun)
a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
ignoble (adjective)
ignominious (adjective)
(used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame
immutable (adjective)
not able to be changed
impartial (adjective)
free from undue bias or preconceived opinions
impertinent (adjective)
being disrespectful; improperly forward or bold
implacable (adjective)
incapable of making less angry or hostile
implausible (adjective)
describing a statement that is not believable
imprudent (adjective)
not wise
impudent (adjective)
improperly forward or bold
incisive (adjective)
having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions
incongruous (adjective)
lacking in harmony or compatibility or appropriateness
incorrigible (adjective)
impervious to correction by punishment
indecorous (adjective)
not in keeping with accepted standards of what is right or proper in polite
indifference (noun)
the trait of seeming not to care
inexorable (adjective)
impossible to stop or prevent
ingenuous (adjective)
to be naA�Pve and innocent
ingratiate (verb)
gain favor with somebody by deliberate efforts
inimical (adjective)
hostile (usually describes conditions or environments)
innocuous (adjective)
harmless and doesn"t produce any ill effects
inscrutable (adjective)
not easily understood; unfathomable
insidious (adjective)
working in a subtle but destructive way
insolent (adjective)
rude and arrogant
intimate (verb)
to suggest something subtly
intransigent (adjective)
unwilling to change one's beliefs or course of action
intrepid (adjective)
inveterate (adjective)
involved (adjective)
complicated, and difficult to comprehend
irrevocable (adjective)
incapable of being retracted or revoked
itinerant (adjective)
traveling from place to place to work
jingoism (noun)
fanatical patriotism
jovial (adjective)
full of or showing high-spirited merriment
jubilant (adjective)
full of high-spirited delight because of triumph or success
juxtapose (verb)
place side by side
laconic (adjective)
one who says very few words
lambast (verb)
criticize severely or angrily
languid (adjective)
not inclined towards physical exertion or effort; slow and relaxed
largess (noun)
extreme generosity and giving
laudable (adjective)
worthy of high praise
lionize (verb)
assign great social importance to
magnanimous (adjective)
noble and generous in spirit, especially towards a rival or someone less
maintain (verb)
to assert
maladroit (adjective)
maverick (noun)
someone who exhibits great independence in thought and action
mawkish (adjective)
overly sentimental to the point that it is disgusting
mendacity (noun)
the tendency to be untruthful
mercurial (adjective)
(of a person) prone to unexpected and unpredictable changes in mood
meticulous (adjective)
marked by extreme care in treatment of details
misconstrue (verb)
interpret in the wrong way
mitigate (verb)
make less severe or harsh
mitigate (verb)
lessen the severity of an offense
mollify (verb)
to make someone angry less angry; placate
mundane (adjective)
repetitive and boring; not spiritual
mundane (adjective)
relating to the ordinary world
munificent (adjective)
very generous
myopic (adjective)
lacking foresight or imagination
myriad (noun)
a large indefinite number
negligible (adjective)
so small as to be meaningless; insignificant
nonplussed (verb)
unsure how to act or respond
nuance (noun)
a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude
obscure (verb)
make unclear
obscure (adjective)
known by only a few
obsequious (adjective)
attentive in an ingratiating or servile manner; attempting to win favor from
opaque (adjective)
not clearly understood or expressed
opulence (noun)
wealth as evidenced by sumptuous living
ostentatious (adjective)
intended to attract notice and impress others; tawdry or vulgar
ostracize (verb)
exclude from a community or group
panache (noun)
distinctive and stylish elegance
parochial (adjective)
narrowly restricted in scope or outlook
parsimonious (adjective)
extremely frugal; miserly
pedantic (adjective)
marked by a narrow focus on or display of learning especially its trivial aspects
pedestrian (adjective)
lacking imagination
pejorative (adjective)
expressing disapproval (usu. refers to a term)
perfidy (noun)
an act of deliberate betrayal; a breach of a trust
pernicious (adjective)
exceedingly harmful; working or spreading in a hidden and injurious way
petulant (adjective)
easily irritated or annoyed
placate (verb)
cause to be more favorably inclined; gain the good will of
platitude (noun)
a trite or obvious remark
poignant (adjective)
emotionally touching
polemic (noun)
a strong verbal or written attack on someone or something.
posit (verb)
assume as fact
pragmatic (adjective)
guided by practical experience and observation rather than theory
precipitous (adjective)
done with very great haste and without due deliberation
preclude (verb)
keep from happening or arising; make impossible
precocious (adjective)
characterized by or characteristic of exceptionally early development or maturity
predilection (noun)
a strong liking
prescience (noun)
the power to foresee the future
prevaricate (verb)
to speak in an evasive way
prodigal (adjective)
rashly or wastefully extravagant
prodigious (adjective)
so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe
profligate (adjective)
spending money recklessly or wastefully
profligate (noun)
someone who spends money recklessly or wastefully
prolific (adjective)
intellectually productive
propitious (adjective)
presenting favorable circumstances; likely to result in or show signs of success
provincial (adjective)
characteristic of the a limited perspective; not fashionable or sophisticated
pundit (noun)
someone who has been admitted to membership in a scholarly field
qualify (adjective)
to be legally competent or capable
qualify (verb)
to make less severe; to limit (a statement)
querulous (adjective)
habitually complaining
quotidian (adjective)
found in the ordinary course of events
ravenous (adjective)
extremely hungry; devouring or craving food in great quantities
rebuke (verb)
criticize severely or angrily; censure
reconcile (verb)
make (one thing) compatible with (another)
recondite (adjective)
difficult to penetrate; incomprehensible to one of ordinary understanding or
refractory (adjective)
stubbornly resistant to authority or control
refute (verb)
prove to be false or incorrect
reproach (verb)
to express criticism towards
repudiate (verb)
reject as untrue or unfounded
rescind (verb)
cancel officially
restive (adjective)
resurgent (adjective)
rising again as to new life and vigor
reticent (adjective)
reluctant to draw attention to yourself; temperamentally disinclined to talk
reverent (adjective)
feeling or showing profound respect or veneration
rudimentary (adjective)
being in the earliest stages of development; being or involving basic facts or
rustic (adjective)
characteristic of rural life; awkwardly simple and provincial
sanction (verb)
give authority or permission to
sanction (noun)
a legal penalty for a forbidden action
scrupulous (adjective)
characterized by extreme care and great effort
scrupulous (adjective)
having a sense of right and wrong; principled
soporific (adjective)
inducing mental lethargy; sleep inducing
specious (adjective)
based on pretense; deceptively pleasing
specious (adjective)
plausible but false
sporadic (adjective)
recurring in scattered and irregular or unpredictable instances
spurious (adjective)
plausible but false
staunch (adjective)
firm and dependable especially in loyalty
stringent (adjective)
demanding strict attention to rules and procedures
subsume (verb)
contain or include
subsume (verb)
consider (an instance of something) as part of a general rule or principle
subversive (adjective)
in opposition to a civil authority or government
sullen (adjective)
showing a brooding ill humor
superfluous (adjective)
serving no useful purpose
superfluous (adjective)
more than is needed, desired, or required
supplant (verb)
take the place or move into the position of
sycophant (noun)
a person who tries to please someone in order to gain a personal advantage
taciturn (adjective)
habitually reserved and uncommunicative
tantamount (adjective)
being essentially equal to something
temperance (noun)
the trait of avoiding excesses
tempered (adjective)
moderated in effect
tenacious (adjective)
stubbornly unyielding
timorous (adjective)
timid by nature or revealing fear and nervousness
torpor (noun)
inactivity resulting from lethargy and lack of vigor or energy
tortuous (adjective)
marked by repeated turns and bends; not straightforward
tractable (adjective)
readily reacting to suggestions and influences; easily managed (controlled or
transient (adjective)
lasting a very short time
travesty (noun)
an absurd presentation of something; a mockery
treacherous (adjective)
tending to betray
treacherous (adjective)
dangerously unstable and unpredictable
trite (adjective)
repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse
truncate (verb)
reduce the length of something
undermine (adjective)
to weaken (usually paired with an abstract term)
underscore (verb)
give extra weight to (a communication)
unequivocal (adjective)
admitting of no doubt or misunderstanding; having only one meaning or
unscrupulous (adjective)
without scruples or principles
upbraid (verb)
to reproach; to scold
vacillate (verb)
be undecided about something; waver between conflicting positions or courses of
vehement (adjective)
marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions
venality (noun)
the condition of being susceptible to bribes or corruption
venerate (verb)
to respect deeply
veracious (adjective)
vilify (verb)
spread negative information about
vindicate (verb)
to clear of accusation, blame, suspicion, or doubt with supporting arguments or proof
vociferous (adjective)
conspicuously and offensively loud; given to vehement outcry
volubility (noun)
the quality of talking or writing easily and continuously
wanting (adjective)
winsome (adjective)
charming in a childlike or naive way
aboveboard (adjective)
open and honest
abysmal (adjective)
extremely bad
acme (noun)
the highest point of achievement
advocate (verb)
speak, plead, or argue in favor of
advocate (noun)
a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea
affable (adjective)
likeable; easy to talk to
affluent (adjective)
altruism (noun)
the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others
amiable (adjective)
amply (adverb)
more than is adequate
amuck (adverb)
in a frenzied or uncontrolled state
analogous (adjective)
similar in some respects but otherwise different
animosity (noun)
intense hostility
antedated (verb)
precede in time
antiquated (adjective)
old-fashioned; belonging to an earlier period in time
apex (noun)
the highest point
aphorism (noun)
a short instructive saying about a general truth
aphoristic (adjective)
something that is a concise and instructive of a general truth or principle
appreciable (adjective)
large enough to be noticed (usu. refers to an amount)
apprehension (noun)
fearful expectation
archaic (adjective)
so old as to appear to belong to a different period
ascendancy (noun)
the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
ascribe (verb)
attribute or credit to
assail (verb)
attack in speech or writing
assuage (verb)
make something intense less severe
augment (verb)
enlarge or increase; improve
autonomously (adverb)
In an autonomous or self-governing manner.
avarice (noun)
greed (one of the seven deadly sins)
avert (verb)
turn away
avert (verb)
ward off or prevent
avid (adjective)
marked by active interest and enthusiasm
badger (verb)
to pester
balk (verb)
refuse to comply
banish (verb)
expel from a community, residence, or location; drive away
beatific (adjective)
blissfully happy
becoming (adjective)
appropriate, and matches nicely
begrudge (verb)
to envy someone for possessing or enjoying something
begrudge (verb)
to give reluctantly
behooves (verb)
to be one's duty or obligation
belittle (verb)
lessen the importance, dignity, or reputation of
bellicose (adjective)
warlike; inclined to quarrel
benign (adjective)
benign (adjective)
(medicine) not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive
besiege (verb)
harass, as with questions or requests; cause to feel distressed or worried
besmirch (verb)
damage the good name and reputation of someone
bleak (adjective)
having a depressing or gloomy outlook
boon (noun)
a desirable state
boon (adjective)
very close and convivial
boorish (adjective)
ill-mannered and coarse or contemptible in behavior or appearance
brusquely (adverb)
in a blunt, direct manner
buck (verb)
buttress (verb)
make stronger or defensible
cadaverous (adjective)
emaciated; gaunt
candid (adjective)
a straightforward and honest look at something
candidness (noun)
the quality of being honest and straightforward in attitude and speech
cardinal (adjective)
of primary importance; fundamental
carping (adjective)
persistently petty and unjustified criticism
catalyst (noun)
something that speeds up an event
cavalier (adjective)
given to haughty disregard of others
censor (verb)
to examine and remove objectionable material
cerebral (adjective)
involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct
champion (verb)
protect or fight for as a champion
chauvinist (noun)
a person who believes in the superiority of their group
check (verb)
to limit (usually modifying the growth of something)
check (noun)
the condition of being held back or limited
checkered (adjective)
one that is marked by disreputable happenings
chivalrous (adjective)
being attentive to women like an ideal knight
clemency (noun)
leniency and compassion shown toward offenders by a person or agency charged with
coalesce (verb)
fuse or cause to grow together
cogent (adjective)
clear and persuasive
cohesive (adjective)
well integrated, forming a united whole
collusion (noun)
agreement on a secret plot
colossal (adjective)
so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe
commendable (adjective)
worthy of high praise
complacent (adjective)
contented to a fault with oneself or one's actions
complementary (adjective)
enhancing each other's qualities (for two things or more).
compound (verb)
make more intense, stronger, or more marked
conducive (adjective)
making a situation or outcome more likely to happen
conniving (verb)
taking part in immoral and unethical plots
consecrate (verb)
to make holy or set apart for a high purpose
constraint (noun)
something that limits or restricts
consummate (adjective)
having or revealing supreme mastery or skill
consummate (verb)
to make perfect and complete in every respect
contemptuous (adjective)
scornful, looking down at others with a sneering attitude
contrite (adjective)
to be remorseful
conundrum (noun)
a difficult problem
convivial (adjective)
describing a lively atmosphere
convoluted (adjective)
highly complex or intricate
cornucopia (noun)
an abundant supply of something good
corroborate (verb)
to confirm or lend support to (usually an idea or claim)
cosmopolitan (adjective)
comprising many cultures; global in reach and outlook
credence (noun)
belief in something
creditable (adjective)
deserving of praise but not that amazing
credulity (noun)
tendency to believe readily
cumbersome (adjective)
difficult to handle or use especially because of size or weight
dearth (noun)
a lack or shortage
debase (verb)
reduce the quality or value of something
debunk (verb)
expose as false ideas and claims, especially while ridiculing
decimation (noun)
destroying or killing a large part of the population
degrade (verb)
reduce in worth or character, usually verbally
delegate (verb)
give an assignment to (a person)
deliberate (verb)
think about carefully; weigh the pros and cons of an issue
demean (verb)
to insult; to cause someone to lose dignity or respect
demure (adjective)
to be modest and shy
deride (verb)
treat or speak of with contempt
derisive (adjective)
abusing vocally; expressing contempt or ridicule
derogative (adjective)
expressed as worthless or in negative terms
desecrate (verb)
to willfully violate or destroy a sacred place
destitute (adjective)
poor enough to need help from others
destitute (adjective)
completely wanting or lacking (usually "destitute of")
deter (verb)
turn away from by persuasion
deter (verb)
try to prevent; show opposition to
detrimental (adjective)
(sometimes followed by "to") causing harm or injury
devolve (verb)
pass on or delegate to another
devolve (verb)
grow worse (usually "devolve into")
diabolical (adjective)
to be extremely wicked like the devil
differentiate (verb)
be a distinctive feature, attribute, or trait (sometimes in positive sense)
differentiate (verb)
evolve so as to lead to a new species or develop in a way most suited to the
dilapidated (adjective)
in terrible condition
diligent (adjective)
characterized by care and perseverance in carrying out tasks
discord (noun)
lack of agreement or harmony
discreet (adjective)
careful to protect one's speech or actions in order to avoid offense or gain an
discriminate (verb)
recognize or perceive the difference
disenfranchise (verb)
deprive of voting rights
disheartened (adjective)
made less hopeful or enthusiastic
disparate (adjective)
two things are fundamentally different
dispatch (noun)
dispose of rapidly and without delay and efficiently
dispatch (verb)
the property of being prompt and efficient
docile (adjective)
easily handled or managed; willing to be taught or led or supervised or directed
dog (verb)
to pursue relentlessly; to hound
dupe (verb)
to trick or swindle
dupe (noun)
a person who is easily tricked or swindled
eccentric (adjective)
highly unconventional or usual (usually describes a person)
egotist (noun)
a conceited and self-centered person
eke (verb)
To live off meager resources, to scrape by
elaborate (adjective)
marked by complexity and richness of detail
elaborate (verb)
explain in more detail
elude (verb)
escape understanding
elusive (adjective)
difficult to capture or difficult to remember
embellish (verb)
make more attractive by adding ornament, colour, etc.; make more beautiful
embroiled (adjective)
involved in argument or contention
empathetic (adjective)
showing understanding and ready comprehension of other peoples' states and
emulate (verb)
strive to equal or match, especially by imitating; compete with successfully
endemic (adjective)
native; originating where it is found
enmity (noun)
a state of deep-seated ill-will
entice (verb)
get someone to do something through (often false or exaggerated) promises
enumerate (verb)
determine the number or amount of
enumerate (verb)
specify individually, one by one
err (verb)
to make an error
errant (adjective)
to be wandering; not sticking to a circumscribed path
erratic (adjective)
unpredictable; strange and unconventional
euphoria (noun)
a feeling of great (usually exaggerated) elation
evasive (adjective)
avoiding or escaping from difficulty or danger or commitment
evasive (adjective)
deliberately vague or ambiguous
evenhanded (adjective)
without partiality
exasperate (verb)
to irritate intensely
excruciating (adjective)
extremely painful
exemplify (verb)
be characteristic of
exemplify (verb)
clarify by giving an example of
exhort (verb)
to strongly urge on; encourage
extenuating (adjective)
making less guilty or more forgivable
facetious (adjective)
cleverly amusing in tone
fawn (verb)
try to gain favor by extreme flattery
ferret (verb)
to search for something persistently
fete (verb)
to celebrate a person
fickle (adjective)
liable to sudden unpredictable change, esp. in affections or attachments
finagle (verb)
achieve something by means of trickery or devious methods
fledgling (adjective)
young and inexperienced; describing any new participant in some activity
fleece (verb)
to deceive
flounder (verb)
behave awkwardly; have difficulties
flush (adjective)
to be in abundance
foible (noun)
a behavioral attribute that is distinctive and peculiar to an individual
foolhardy (adjective)
marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences
forthright (adjective)
characterized by directness in manner or speech; without subtlety or evasion
futile (adjective)
producing no result or effect; unproductive of success
genial (adjective)
agreeable, conducive to comfort
genteel (adjective)
marked by refinement in taste and manners
glean (verb)
collect information bit by bit
glib (adjective)
(of a person) speaking with ease but without sincerity
goad (verb)
urge on with unpleasant comments
grovel (verb)
show submission or fear
guffaw (verb)
laugh boisterously
hamper (verb)
prevent the progress or free movement of
hamstrung (verb)
made ineffective or powerless
heyday (noun)
the pinnacle or top of a time period or career
hodgepodge (noun)
a confusing mixture or jumble
hound (verb)
to pursue relentlessly
humdrum (adjective)
dull and lacking excitement
illicit (adjective)
contrary to or forbidden by law
immaterial (adjective)
not relevant
impeccable (adjective)
without fault or error
impede (verb)
be a hindrance or obstacle to
impending (adjective)
close in time; about to occur
impermeable (adjective)
does not allow fluids to pass through
implicate (verb)
convey a meaning; imply
implicate (verb)
to indicate in wrongdoing, usually a crime
imponderable (adjective)
impossible to estimate or figure out
impregnable (adjective)
immune to attack; incapable of being tampered with
inadvertent (adjective)
happening by chance or unexpectedly or unintentionally
inarticulate (adjective)
without or deprived of the use of speech or words
incense (verb)
make furious
incessant (adjective)
uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing
inclement (adjective)
(of weather) unpleasant, stormy
inclement (adjective)
used of persons or behavior; showing no mercy
incumbent (adjective)
necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility
indict (verb)
to formally charge or accuse of wrong-doing
indigenous (adjective)
originating in a certain area
indignant (adjective)
feeling anger over a perceived injustice
industrious (adjective)
characterized by hard work and perseverance
inflammable (adjective)
extremely controversial, incendiary
ingenuity (noun)
the power of creative imagination
inkling (noun)
a slight suggestion or vague understanding
insipid (adjective)
dull and uninteresting
insolvent (adjective)
unable to pay one's bills; bankrupt
intermittent (adjective)
stopping and starting at irregular intervals
inundate (verb)
to flood or overwhelm
irascible (adjective)
quickly aroused to anger
irk (verb)
irritate or vex
irresolute (adjective)
uncertain how to act or proceed
jargon (noun)
a characteristic language of a particular group
jocular (adjective)
characterized by jokes and good humor
junta (noun)
an aggressive takeover by a group (usually military)
laborious (adjective)
characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort
leery (adjective)
openly distrustful and unwilling to confide
lethargic (adjective)
lacking energy
lucid (adjective)
(of language) transparently clear; easily understandable
macabre (adjective)
suggesting the horror of death and decay; gruesome
malady (noun)
a disease or sickness
malevolent (adjective)
wishing or appearing to wish evil to others; arising from intense ill will or hatred
malleable (adjective)
capable of being shaped or bent or drawn out
malleable (adjective)
easily influenced
malodorous (adjective)
having an unpleasant smell
martial (adjective)
suggesting war or military life
maxim (noun)
a short saying expressing a general truth
meander (verb)
to wander aimlessly
melancholy (noun)
a deep, long-lasting sadness
melee (noun)
a wild, confusing fight or struggle
mesmerize (verb)
to spellbind or enthrall
misanthrope (noun)
a hater of mankind
miscreant (noun)
a person who breaks the law
miser (noun)
a person who doesn't like to spend money (because they are greedy)
misogynist (noun)
a person who dislikes women in particular
moment (noun)
significant and important value
moot (adjective)
open to argument or debate; undecidable in a meaningless or irrelevant way
morose (adjective)
ill-tempered and not inclined to talk; gloomy
morph (verb)
To undergo dramatic change in a seamless and barely noticeable fashion.
muted (adjective)
softened, subdued
obdurate (adjective)
stubbornly persistent in changing an opinion or action
obliging (adjective)
showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others
obstinate (adjective)
resistant to guidance or discipline; stubbornly persistent
ornate (adjective)
marked by elaborate rhetoric and elaborated with decorative details
paradoxical (adjective)
seemingly contradictory but nonetheless possibly true
pastoral (adjective)
relating to the countryside in a pleasant sense
patronize (verb)
treat condescendingly
paucity (noun)
a lack of something
peevish (adjective)
easily irritated or annoyed
perennial (adjective)
lasting an indefinitely long time; eternal; everlasting
perpetuate (verb)
cause to continue
perquisite (noun)
a right reserved exclusively by a particular person or group (especially a hereditary or
pertinent (adjective)
having precise or logical relevance to the matter at hand
perturb (verb)
disturb in mind or cause to be worried or alarmed
peruse (verb)
to read very carefully
pine (verb)
to yearn for
pinnacle (noun)
the highest point
piquant (adjective)
having an agreeably pungent taste
pithy (adjective)
concise and full of meaning
pittance (noun)
a small amount (of money)
placid (adjective)
not easily irritated
plodding (adjective)
(of movement) slow and laborious
ploy (noun)
a clever plan to turn a situation to one's advantage
powwow (noun)
an informal meeting or discussion
precarious (adjective)
fraught with danger
precedent (noun)
an example that is used to justify similar occurrences at a later time
preempt (verb)
take the place of or have precedence over
preemptive (adjective)
done before someone else can do it
presumption (noun)
an assumption that is taken for granted
presumption (noun)
audacious (even arrogant) behavior that you have no right to
presumptuous (adjective)
excessively forward
prevail (verb)
be widespread in a particular area at a particular time; be current:
prevail (verb)
prove superior
pristine (adjective)
Unspoiled, untouched (usu. of nature)
pristine (adjective)
Immaculately clean and unused
profuse (adjective)
plentiful; pouring out in abundance
profusion (noun)
the property of being extremely abundant
proponent (noun)
a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea
provisional (adjective)
under terms not final or fully worked out or agreed upon
pugnacious (adjective)
eager to fight or argue; verbally combative
qualm (noun)
uneasiness about the fitness of an action
quandary (noun)
state of uncertainty or perplexity especially as requiring a choice between equally
quip (noun)
a witty saying or remark
raffish (adjective)
marked by a carefree unconventionality or disreputableness
raft (noun)
a large number of something
rakish (adjective)
marked by a carefree unconventionality or disreputableness
rankle (verb)
gnaw into; make resentful or angry
rash (adjective)
marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences; imprudently incurring risk
redress (noun)
an act of making something right
relegate (verb)
assign to a lower position
remiss (adjective)
to be negligent in one"s duty
renege (verb)
fail to fulfill a promise or obligation
replete (adjective)
completely stocked or furnished with something
reprobate (noun)
a person who is disapproved of
reservation (noun)
an unstated doubt that prevents you from accepting something wholeheartedly
resignation (noun)
the acceptance of something unpleasant that can't be avoided
resolve (verb)
reach a conclusion after a discussion or deliberation
respite (noun)
a pause from doing something (as work)
retiring (adjective)
to be shy, and to be inclined to retract from company
retract (verb)
pull inward or towards a center; formally reject or disavow a formerly held belief, usually
rile (verb)
cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations
robust (adjective)
sturdy and strong in form, constitution, or construction
sanctimonious (adjective)
making a show of being pious; holier-than-thou
sanguine (adjective)
cheerful; optimistic
savvy (noun)
a perceptive understanding
savvy (verb)
get the meaning of something
savvy (adjective)
well-informed or perceptive
scintillating (adjective)
describes someone who is brilliant and lively
screed (noun)
an abusive rant (often tedious)
sentimental (adjective)
effusively or insincerely emotional, especially in art, music, and literature
serendipity (noun)
the instance in which an accidental, fortunate discovery is made
serene (adjective)
calm and peaceful
slapdash (adjective)
carelessly and hastily put together
smattering (noun)
a slight or superficial understanding of a subject; a small amount of something
smug (adjective)
marked by excessive complacency or self-satisfaction
snide (adjective)
expressive of contempt; derogatory or mocking in an indirect way
snub (verb)
refuse to acknowledge; reject outright and bluntly
sordid (adjective)
involving ignoble actions and motives; arousing moral distaste and contempt; foul
spendthrift (noun)
one who spends money extravagantly
spurn (verb)
reject with contempt
squander (verb)
spend thoughtlessly; waste time, money, or an opportunity
staid (adjective)
characterized by dignity and propriety
start (verb)
to suddenly move in a particular direction
steadfast (adjective)
marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable
stem (verb)
to hold back or limit the flow or growth of something
stipend (noun)
a regular allowance (of money)
stolid (adjective)
having or revealing little emotion or sensibility; not easily aroused or excited
stymie (verb)
hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of
summit (noun)
the peak or highest point
summit (noun)
a meeting of high-level leaders
surly (adjective)
inclined to anger or bad feelings with overtones of menace
tact (noun)
consideration in dealing with others and avoiding giving offense
tarnish (verb)
make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used metaphorically
tawdry (adjective)
tastelessly showy; cheap and shoddy
taxing (adjective)
use to the limit; exhaust
telling (adjective)
significant and revealing of another factor
telltale (adjective)
tender (verb)
offer up something formally
thoroughgoing (adjective)
very thorough; complete
thrifty (adjective)
spending money wisely
thwart (verb)
hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of
tirade (noun)
an angry speech
tout (verb)
advertize in strongly positive terms; show off
transitory (adjective)
lasting a very short time
travail (noun)
use of physical or mental energy; hard work; agony or anguish
tribulation (noun)
something, especially an event, that causes difficulty and suffering
tumult (noun)
a state of chaos, noise and confusion
uncanny (adjective)
suggesting the operation of supernatural influences; surpassing the ordinary or
uncompromising (adjective)
not making concessions
unconscionable (adjective)
unreasonable; unscrupulous; excessive
underwrite (verb)
to support financially
unnerve (verb)
to make nervous or upset
unprecedented (adjective)
having never been done or known before; novel
unruly (adjective)
(of persons) noisy and lacking in restraint or discipline; unwilling to submit to
unseemly (adjective)
not in keeping with accepted standards of what is right or proper in polite society
urbane (adjective)
showing a high degree of refinement and the assurance that comes from wide social
vacuous (adjective)
devoid of intelligence, matter, or significance
vanquish (verb)
come out better in a competition, race, or conflict
variance (noun)
the quality of varying
veneer (noun)
covering consisting of a thin superficial layer that hides the underlying substance
vicarious (adjective)
felt or undergone as if one were taking part in the experience or feelings of
vie (verb)
compete for something
vindictive (adjective)
to have a very strong desire for revenge
virago (noun)
an ill-tempered or violent woman
voracious (adjective)
very hungry; approaching an activity with gusto
wanton (adjective)
without check or limitation; showing no moral restraints to one's anger, desire, or
wax (verb)
to gradually increase in size or intensity
whimsical (adjective)
determined by impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason
zenith (noun)
the highest point; culmination
abjure (verb)
formally reject or give up (as a belief)
abrogate (verb)
revoke formally
adjudicate (verb)
to serve as a judge in a competition; to arrive at a judgment or conclusion
afford (verb)
provide with an opportunity
alacrity (noun)
an eager willingness to do something
anachronism (noun)
something that is inappropriate for the given time period (usually something old).
anathema (noun)
a detested person; the source of somebody's hate
anemic (adjective)
lacking energy and vigor
anodyne (noun)
something that soothes or relieves pain
anodyne (adjective)
antic (adjective)
ludicrously odd
aplomb (noun)
great coolness and composure under strain
apogee (noun)
the highest point
apostate (noun)
a person who has abandoned a religious faith or cause
apothegm (noun)
a short, pithy instructive saying
apotheosis (noun)
exaltation to divine status; the highest point of development
approbatory (adjective)
expressing praise or approval
appropriate (verb)
to give or take something by force
appropriate (verb)
to allocate
appurtenant (adjective)
supply added support
arch (adjective)
to be deliberately teasing
arrant (adjective)
complete and wholly (usually modifying a noun with negative connotation)
arriviste (noun)
a person who has recently reached a position of power; a social climber
arrogate (verb)
seize and control without authority
artifice (noun)
cunning tricks used to deceive others
artless (adjective)
without cunning or deceit
artlessness (noun)
the quality of innocence
asperity (noun)
harshness of manner
assiduously (adverb)
with care and persistence
atavism (noun)
a reappearance of an earlier characteristic; throwback
attenuate (verb)
to weaken (in terms of intensity); to taper off/become thinner.
autocratic (adjective)
characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule; having absolute sovereignty
autocratic (adjective)
offensively self-assured or given to exercising usually unwarranted power
baleful (adjective)
threatening or foreshadowing evil or tragic developments
base (adjective)
the lowest, class were without any moral principles
bastardization (noun)
an act that debases or corrupts
beg (verb)
to evade or dodge (a question)
bemoan (verb)
express discontent or a stong regret
benighted (adjective)
fallen into a state of ignorance
bereft (adjective)
unhappy in love; suffering from unrequited love
bereft (adjective)
sorrowful through loss or deprivation
besotted (adjective)
strongly affectionate towards
besotted (adjective)
very drunk
bilious (adjective)
irritable; always angry
blinkered (adjective)
to have a limited outlook or understanding
bowdlerize (verb)
edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate
bridle (verb)
the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess
bridle (verb)
anger or take offense
bristle (verb)
react in an offended or angry manner
broadside (noun)
a strong verbal attack
bromide (noun)
a trite or obvious remark
brook (verb)
put up with something or somebody unpleasant
browbeat (verb)
be bossy towards; discourage or frighten with threats or a domineering manner
byzantine (adjective)
intricate and complex
callow (adjective)
young and inexperienced
canard (noun)
a deliberately misleading fabrication
capitulate (noun)
to surrender (usually under agreed conditions)
cataclysm (noun)
an event resulting in great loss and misfortune
catholic (adjective)
of broad scope; universal
cede (verb)
relinquish possession or control over
celerity (noun)
speed, rapidity
chagrin (noun)
strong feelings of embarrassment
chagrin (verb)
cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of
charlatan (noun)
a flamboyant deceiver; one who attracts customers with tricks or jokes
chary (adjective)
chauvinism (noun)
fanatical patriotism; belief that one's group/cause is superior to all other
chimera (noun)
something desired or wished for but is only an illusion and impossible to achieve
choleric (adjective)
prone to outbursts of temper; easily angered
churlish (adjective)
lacking manners or refinement
complaisant (adjective)
showing a cheerful willingness to do favors for others
complicit (adjective)
Associated with or participating in an activity, especially one of a questionable
conciliate (verb)
to make peace with
concomitant (adjective)
describing an event or situation that happens at the same time as or in
conflagration (noun)
a very intense and uncontrolled fire
conflate (verb)
mix together different elements or concepts
contentious (adjective)
likely to argue
corollary (noun)
a practical consequence that follows naturally
cosseted (verb)
treat with excessive indulgence
coterminous (adjective)
being of equal extent or scope or duration
countermand (verb)
a contrary command cancelling or reversing a previous command
cow (verb)
to intimidate
crestfallen (adjective)
brought low in spirit
crystallize (verb)
cause to take on a definite and clear shape
cupidity (noun)
greed for money
curmudgeon (noun)
a grouchy, surly person
debonair (adjective)
having a sophisticated charm
decry (verb)
express strong disapproval of
defray (verb)
to help pay the cost of, either in part of full
deign (verb)
do something that one considers to be below one's dignity
demonstrative (adjective)
given to or marked by the open expression of emotion
denouement (noun)
the final resolution of the many strands of a literary or dramatic work; the
derelict (adjective)
(of a person) not doing one's duties
derelict (noun)
(of a building) abandoned
desiccated (adjective)
uninteresting, lacking vitality
desideratum (noun)
something desired as a necessity
despot (noun)
a cruel and oppressive dictator
diatribe (noun)
a strong verbal attack against a person or institution
diminutive (noun)
to indicate smallness
diminutive (adjective)
very small
disabuse (verb)
to persuade somebody that his/her belief is not valid
discursive (adjective)
(of e.g. speech and writing) tending to depart from the main point
disingenuous (adjective)
not straightforward; giving a false appearance of frankness
dispensation (noun)
an exemption from a rule or obligation
dissemble (verb)
conceal one's true motives, usually through deceit
dissipate (verb)
squander or spend money frivolously
dissipate (verb)
to disperse or scatter
dissolution (noun)
a living full of debauchery and indulgence in sensual pleasure
doleful (adjective)
filled with or evoking sadness
dolorous (adjective)
showing sorrow
doughty (adjective)
brave; bold; courageous
dovetail (verb)
fit together tightly, as if by means of a interlocking joint
duplicity (noun)
deceitfulness, pretending to want one thing but interested in something else
ebullient (adjective)
joyously unrestrained
effervescent (adjective)
marked by high spirits or excitement
effrontery (noun)
audacious (even arrogant) behavior that you have no right to
elegiac (adjective)
expressing sorrow
embryonic (adjective)
in an early stage of development
empiricism (noun)
any method that derives knowledge from experience, used in experimental science
enamor (verb)
attraction or feeling of love
encumber (verb)
hold back
enjoin (verb)
give instructions to or direct somebody to do something with authority
enormity (noun)
an act of extreme wickedness
enthrall (verb)
hold spellbound
epigram (noun)
a witty saying
epiphany (noun)
a sudden revelation or moment of insight
eponym (noun)
the name derived from a person (real or imaginary); the person for whom something is
equitable (adjective)
fair to all parties as dictated by reason and conscience
equivocate (verb)
to speak vaguely, usually with the intention to mislead or deceive
ersatz (adjective)
not real or genuine; phony
estimable (adjective)
deserving of esteem and respect
ethereal (adjective)
characterized by lightness and insubstantiality
evanescent (adjective)
tending to vanish like vapor
excoriate (verb)
to criticize very harshly
execrate (verb)
to curse and hiss at
exegesis (noun)
critical explanation or analysis, especially of a text
exemplar (noun)
something to be imitated
exiguity (noun)
the quality of being meager
exorbitant (adjective)
greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation
expansive (adjective)
communicative, and prone to talking in a sociable manner
expunge (verb)
to eliminate completely
expurgate (verb)
to remove objectionable material
extrapolate (verb)
draw from specific cases for more general cases
facile (adjective)
arrived at without due care or effort; lacking depth
factious (adjective)
produced by, or characterized by internal dissension
factitious (adjective)
artificial; not natural
feckless (adjective)
lazy and irresponsible
fecund (adjective)
intellectually productive
fell (adjective)
terribly evil
firebrand (noun)
someone who deliberately creates trouble
flag (verb)
droop, sink, or settle from or as if from pressure or loss of tautness; become less intense
flippant (adjective)
showing inappropriate levity
flummox (verb)
be a mystery or bewildering to
fractious (adjective)
irritable and is likely to cause disruption
gaffe (noun)
a socially awkward or tactless act
gambit (noun)
a manuveur or risk in a game or conversation, designed to secure an advantage
gerrymander (verb)
to manipulate voting districts in order to favor a particular political party
graft (noun)
corruption, usually through bribery
grandiloquent (adjective)
puffed up with vanity
gumption (noun)
resourcefulness and determination
hagiographic (adjective)
excessively flattering toward someone's life or work
hail (verb)
enthusiastically acclaim or celebrate something
halcyon (adjective)
idyllically calm and peaceful; suggesting happy tranquillity; marked by peace and
hauteur (noun)
overbearing pride evidenced by a superior manner toward inferiors
hector (verb)
to bully or intimidate
hedge (verb)
to limit or qualify a statement; to avoid making a direct statement
histrionic (adjective)
to be overly theatrical
hoary (adjective)
hobble (verb)
to hold back the progress of something
hoodwink (verb)
to deceive or trick someone
hubris (noun)
overbearing pride or presumption
illustrious (adjective)
widely known and esteemed; having or conferring glory
imbibe (verb)
to drink or absorb as if drinking
imbroglio (noun)
a confusing and potentially embarrassing situation
immure (verb)
to enclose, usually in walls
impecunious (adjective)
lacking money; poor
imperious (adjective)
having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as
impervious (adjective)
not admitting of passage or capable of being affected
impetuous (adjective)
characterized by undue haste and lack of thought or deliberation
importuned (verb)
beg persistently and urgently
improvident (adjective)
not given careful consideration
impugn (verb)
attack as false or wrong
impute (verb)
attribute (responsibility or fault) to something
inanity (noun)
total lack of meaning or ideas
inchoate (adjective)
only partly in existence; imperfectly formed
incontrovertible (adjective)
necessarily or demonstrably true; impossible to deny or disprove
indigent (adjective)
poor; having very little
indigent (noun)
a poor or needy person
ineffable (adjective)
too sacred to be uttered; defying expression or description
ineluctable (adjective)
impossible to avoid or evade:
inequity (noun)
injustice by virtue of not conforming with rules or standards
infelicitous (adjective)
inimitable (adjective)
defying imitation; matchless
insouciance (noun)
lack of concern
insufferable (adjective)
intolerable, difficult to endure
internecine (adjective)
(of conflict) within a group or organization
intimation (noun)
an indirect suggestion
inure (verb)
to make accustomed to something unpleasant
invective (noun)
abusive or denunciatory language
invidious (adjective)
likely to cause resentment
inviolable (adjective)
never to be broken, infringed, or dishonored
inviolate (adjective)
must be kept sacred
irrefutable (adjective)
impossible to deny or disprove
jaundice (adjective)
to be biased against due to envy or prejudice
jejune (adjective)
dull; lacking flavor
jejune (adjective)
immature; childish
jingoist (noun)
a person who thinks that their country should be at war
juggernaut (noun)
a force that cannot be stopped
kowtow (verb)
to bow or act in a subservient manner
lacerate (verb)
deeply hurt the feelings of; distress
lachrymose (adjective)
showing sorrow
lampoon (verb)
ridicule with satire
languish (verb)
become feeble
lascivious (adjective)
lecherous; sexually perverted
limpid (adjective)
clarity in terms of expression
litany (noun)
any long and tedious account of something
loath (adjective)
unwillingness to do something contrary to your custom (usually followed by 'to')
lugubrious (adjective)
excessively mournful
machinate (verb)
engage in plotting or enter into a conspiracy, swear together
magisterial (adjective)
offensively self-assured or given to exercising unwarranted power
malapropism (noun)
the confusion of a word with another word that sounds similar
malfeasance (adjective)
misconduct or wrongdoing (especially by a public official)
malingerer (noun)
someone shirking their duty by pretending to be sick or incapacitated
martinet (noun)
a strict disciplinarian
maudlin (adjective)
overly emotional and sad
maunder (verb)
wander aimlessly
maunder (verb)
speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly
mellifluous (adjective)
smooth and sweet-sounding
mendicant (noun)
a pauper who lives by begging
meteoric (adjective)
like a meteor in speed or brilliance or transience
mettlesome (adjective)
filled with courage or valor
misattribute (verb)
To erroneously attribute; to falsely ascribe; used especially of authorship.
modicum (noun)
a small or moderate or token amount
mordant (adjective)
biting and caustic in thought, manner, or style
moribund (adjective)
being on the point of death; declining rapidly losing all momentum in progress
mulct (verb)
to defraud or swindle
nadir (noun)
the lowest point
nettlesome (adjective)
causing irritation or annoyance
noisome (adjective)
having an extremely bad smell
nonchalant (adjective)
coming across as cooly uninterested
objurgate (verb)
express strong disapproval of
oblique (adjective)
not straightforward; indirect
obstreperous (adjective)
noisily and stubbornly defiant; willfully difficult to control
obtain (adjective)
be valid, applicable, or true
obtuse (adjective)
slow to learn or understand; lacking intellectual acuity; lacking in insight or
officious (adjective)
intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner
ossify (verb)
make rigid and set into a conventional pattern
overweening (adjective)
arrogant; presumptuous
palatable (adjective)
acceptable to the taste or mind
palaver (verb)
speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly
palimpsest (noun)
something that has been changed numerous times but on which traces of former
panacea (noun)
hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases; a universal solution
panegyric (noun)
a formal expression of praise
paragon (noun)
model of excellence or perfection of a kind; one having no equal
paragon (noun)
an ideal instance; a perfect embodiment of a concept
pariah (noun)
an outcast
parvenu (noun)
a person who has suddenly become wealthy, but not socially accepted as part of a
patent (adjective)
glaringly obvious
pecuniary (adjective)
relating to or involving money
pellucid (adjective)
transparently clear; easily understandable
penurious (adjective)
lacking money; poor
penurious (adjective)
percipient (adjective)
highly perceptive
peremptory (adjective)
bossy and domineering
perfunctory (adjective)
done routinely and with little interest or care
peripatetic (adjective)
traveling by foot
perspicacious (adjective)
acutely insightful and wise
phantasmagorical (adjective)
illusive; unreal
philistine (adjective)
smug and ignorant towards artistic and cultural values
phlegmatic (adjective)
showing little emotion
picayune (adjective)
trifling or petty (a person)
pillory (verb)
ridicule or expose to public scorn
pith (noun)
the most essential part of something
plucky (adjective)
marked by courage and determination
Pollyannaish (adjective)
extremely optimistic
ponderous (adjective)
weighed-down; moving slowly
pontificate (verb)
talk in a dogmatic and pompous manner
portentous (adjective)
ominously prophetic
precipitate (adjective)
hasty or rash
precipitate (verb)
to cause to happen
presentiment (noun)
a feeling of evil to come
primacy (noun)
the state of being first in importance
probity (noun)
integrity, strong moral principles
prognostication (noun)
a statement made about the future
prolixity (noun)
boring verbosity
promulgate (verb)
state or announce
propitiate (verb)
to placate or appease
prosaic (adjective)
dull and lacking imagination
proscribe (verb)
command against
proselytize (verb)
convert to another religion, philosophy, or perspective
protean (adjective)
readily taking on different roles; versatile
provident (adjective)
careful in regard to your own interests; providing carefully for the future
puerile (adjective)
of or characteristic of a child; displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity
puissant (adjective)
punctilious (adjective)
marked by precise accordance with details
pyrrhic (adjective)
describing a victory that comes at such a great cost that the victory is not worthwhile
quail (verb)
draw back, as with fear or pain
quisling (noun)
a traitor
quixotic (adjective)
wildly idealistic; impractical
raconteur (noun)
a person skilled in telling anecdotes
raillery (noun)
light teasing
rapprochement (noun)
the reestablishing of cordial relations
rarefied (verb)
make more subtle or refined
recapitulation (noun)
a summary (think of recap)
recrimination (noun)
mutual accusations
recrudesce (verb)
to break out or happen again
redoubtable (adjective)
inspiring fear or awe
remonstrate (verb)
to make objections while pleading
reprisal (noun)
a retaliatory action against an enemy in wartime
ribald (adjective)
humorously vulgar
row (noun)
an angry dispute
sagacious (adjective)
having good judgement and acute insight
sangfroid (noun)
calmness or poise in difficult situations
sardonic (adjective)
disdainfully or ironically humorous; scornful and mocking
sartorial (adjective)
related to fashion or clothes
saturnine (adjective)
morose or gloomy
schadenfreude (noun)
joy from watching the suffering of others
sedulous (adjective)
done diligently and carefully
self-effacing (adjective)
reluctant to draw attention to yourself
semblance (noun)
an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading
sententious (adjective)
to be moralizing, usually in a pompous sense
simulacrum (noun)
a representation of a person (especially in the form of sculpture)
simulacrum (noun)
a bad imitation
sinecure (noun)
an office that involves minimal duties
solecism (noun)
a socially awkward or tactless act
solicitous (adjective)
showing hovering attentiveness
solicitude (noun)
a feeling of excessive concern
spartan (adjective)
unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment; practicing great selfdenial
splenetic (adjective)
very irritable
squelch (verb)
suppress or crush completely
stalwart (adjective)
dependable; inured to fatigue or hardships
stultify (verb)
cause one, through routine, to lose energy and enthusiasm
subterfuge (noun)
something intended to misrepresent the true nature of an activity
supercilious (adjective)
haughty and disdainful; looking down on others
surfeit (noun)
an excessive amount of something
surreptitious (adjective)
stealty, taking pains not to be caught or detected
sybarite (noun)
a person who indulges in luxury
temerity (noun)
fearless daring
tempestuous (adjective)
as if driven by turbulent or conflicting emotions; highly energetic and wildly
tendentious (adjective)
likely to lean towards a controversial view
transmute (verb)
change or alter in form, appearance, or nature
trenchant (adjective)
characterized by or full of force and vigor; having keenness and forcefulness and
truculence (noun)
defiant aggressiveness
truculent (adjective)
having a fierce, savage nature
turgid (adjective)
(of language) pompous and tedious
turpitude (noun)
depravity; a depraved act
tyro (noun)
someone new to a field or activity
umbrage (noun)
a feeling of anger caused by being offended
unassailable (adjective)
immune to attack; without flaws
unflappable (adjective)
not easily perturbed or excited or upset; marked by extreme calm and
unforthcoming (adjective)
uncooperative, not willing to give up information
unimpeachable (adjective)
free of guilt; not subject to blame; beyond doubt or reproach
unprepossessing (adjective)
creating an unfavorable or neutral first impression
unpropitious (adjective)
(of a circumstance) with little chance of success
unstinting (adjective)
very generous
untenable (adjective)
(of theories etc) incapable of being defended or justified
untoward (adjective)
unfavorable; inconvenient
untrammeled (adjective)
not confined or limited
unviable (adjective)
not able to work, survive, or succeed (also spelled inviable).
vaunted (adjective)
highly or widely praised or boasted about
venial (adjective)
easily excused or forgiven; pardonable
verisimilitude (noun)
the appearance of truth
veritable (adjective)
truthfully, without a doubt
vicissitude (noun)
change in one"s circumstances, usually for the worse
vitriol (noun)
abusive or venomous language used to express blame or bitter deep-seated ill will
vitriolic (adjective)
harsh or corrosive in tone
vituperate (adjective)
to criticize harshly; to berate
zeitgeist (noun)
spirit of the times