Gematria is an Assyro-Babylonian system of numerology later adopted by Jews that assigns numerical value to a word or phrase.
Today they can replace as numbers, like the Romans did, albeit in rare or old cases. For example to write the Hebrew year, or as abbreviations of the weekdays (Instead of Yom Rishon, you can write Aleph, which is a very common practice in Israel. This happens for the numbers 1-6 except Saturday, where Shin is used instead).
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