Level 2
Level 1

Unit 1


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Aboriginal
relating or belonging to the original race of people who lived in Australia
all year round
throughout the year, continuously
anything goes
There are no boundaries or limits to behaviour.
aspect
one part of a situation, problem, subject, etc
body language
the movements or positions of your body that show other people how you are feeling, even though you do not tell them in words
break down
If a machine or vehicle breaks down, it stops working.
bustling
full of people and activity
buy in bulk
to buy in large amounts
catch sight of
see for a moment
chill out
to relax completely, or not allow things to upset you
cosmopolitan
consisting of people and things from many different countries
crude
rude and offensive
crumb
a very small piece of bread, cake or biscuit
dos and don’ts
rules about what you must do and must not do in a particular situation
erect
to build or put up a structure
essentially
used when you are emphasizing the basic facts about something
face a challenge
deal with something needing great mental or physical effort in order to be done successfully
faded
less bright in colour than before
feel at home
to feel comfortable and relaxed
get around
to travel to different places
get away from it all
to go somewhere to have a holiday, often because you need to rest
get to know sb/sth
to spend time with someone or something so that you gradually learn more about them
get together
If two or more people get together, they meet each other, having arranged it before.
getaway
a short holiday
go through sth
to experience a difficult or unpleasant situation
graze
to injure your skin by rubbing it against something rough
head for
to travel in the direction of
huddle
to come close together in a group, or to hold your arms and legs close to your body, especially because of cold or fear
iceberg
a very large piece of ice that floats in the sea
insider knowledge
information (often hidden) gained by someone who is an accepted member of a group
intervention
when someone intervenes, especially to prevent something from happening
larder
a cupboard or small room used, especially in the past, for storing food in a person’s home
literally
having the real or original meaning of a word or phrase
mark (an anniversary)
to show respect for or commemorate
migrate
when animals migrate, they travel from one place to another at the same time each year.
mingle
to mix, or be mixed with
musty
smelling old and slightly wet in an unpleasant way
people-watch
to observe the people around you as a way to pass the time
perceive
to notice something that is not easy to notice
pop over
to go to a particular place
rancid
Rancid fat smells and tastes bad because it is not fresh.
read between the lines
to try to understand someone’s real feelings or intentions from what they say or write
remnant
a piece of something that continues to exist when the rest of that thing has gone
rotten
Rotten vegetable or animal substances are decaying.
rub
to press your hand or a cloth on a surface and move it backwards and forwards
rub off
If a quality or characteristic that someone has rubs off, other people begin to have it because they have been with that person and learnt it from them
sarcastic
using sarcasm
scatter
to throw objects over an area so that they land apart from each other
scent
a pleasant smell
scratch beneath the surface
to look further than what is obvious
scrub
to clean something by rubbing it hard with a brush
self-deprecating
trying to make yourself, your abilities or your achievements seem less important
set up
to formally establish a new company, organization, system, way of working, etc
shed
a small building, usually made of wood, used for storing things
shriek
a short, loud, high cry, especially one produced suddenly as an expression of a powerful emotion
skim
to move quickly, and almost or just touch the surface of something
social glue
something which brings people together
snap
to take a photograph of someone or something
sprawling
A sprawling city covers a large area and looks untidy.
sprinkle
to gently drop small pieces of something over a surface
stale
old and not fresh
stench
a very unpleasant smell
tackle
to try to deal with a problem
thriving
growing, developing or successful
tip of the iceberg
a small noticeable part of a problem, the total size of which is really much greater
try out
to use something to discover if it works or if you like it
turn out
to happen in a particular way or to have a particular result, especially an unexpected one
turn up
to arrive
vary
to change
work sth out
to understand something or to find the answer to something by thinking about it