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Level 10

Unit 10


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in arrears
owing money that should have been paid in the past
around the block
around a square group of buildings or houses, one of which is your residence
attain
to achieve something, especially after a lot of work
bar chart
a mathematical picture in which different amounts are represented by thin vertical or horizontal rectangles which have the same width but different heights or lengths
barrister
in the UK, a lawyer (=someone whose job is to know about the law and deal with legal situations) who can work in the highest courts
bear left/right
to change direction slightly so that you are going in a particular direction
bear fruit
(of a tree or plant) to give or produce fruit
behead
to cut someone’s head off
do your bit
to make a contribution to a job or take part in something as you feel you should
blizzard
a storm with strong winds and snow
boastful
talking with too much pride
capacious
able to contain a lot; having a lot of space
dedicate
to give your energy, time, etc. completely
differentiate
to understand or notice how two things or people are different from each other
draw
a situation in which each team in a game has equal points and neither side wins
draw a crowd
to attract the attention or interest of a large number of people
draw a pension
to receive money regularly after retirement, from the company you worked for or from the government
a fair amount
a quite large amount
founder
someone who establishes an organization
glamour
the quality of being attractive, exciting and special
glower
to look very angry, annoyed or threatening
haul
to pull something heavy slowly and with difficulty
hit the high notes
to sing the highest musical notes in a song or opera successfully
hitherto
until now, or until a particular point in time
kow-tow
to show too much respect to someone in authority, always obeying them and changing what you do in order to please them
leave
permission or agreement
liable
legally responsible
linguistics
the scientific study of languages
long-standing
having existed for a long time
macho
Men who are macho emphasize their traditional male qualities, such as physical strength, and do not show emotion.
minor
someone who is too young to have the legal responsibilities of an adult
novelty
an object, event, or experience that is new or unusual
obligatory
describes something you must do because of a rule or law, etc
perception
the ability to notice something
as a prelude to
coming before a more important event or action which introduces or prepares for it
presume
to think that something is likely to be true, although you are not certain
resounding
loud or definite
saturation
when there is more of a product available than there are people who want to buy it
sociolinguistics
the scientific study of the way society and language interact
spending power
consumers who have a lot of money to spend and who can influence the market for a particular product
status
the position that you have in relation to other people because of your job or social position
tsar
a male Russian ruler before 1917
vice versa
used for referring to the opposite of what you have just said