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Level 14

Unit 14


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abstract
existing as an idea, feeling or quality, not as a material object
appendage
an arm, leg or other body part
babble
to talk or say something in a quick, confused, excited or silly way
cavity
a hole or a space inside something solid or between two surfaces
chimp
(= chimpanzee) an African animal like a large monkey
choke
If you choke, or if something chokes you, you stop breathing because something is blocking your throat.
cognition
when you think or use a conscious mental process
compassion
a strong feeling of sympathy and sadness for the suffering or bad luck of others and a wish to help them
compile
to collect information and arrange it in a book, report, or list
consistency
when someone always behaves or performs in a similar way or when something always happens in a similar way
constraint
something that limits what you can do
devoted
extremely loving and loyal
dimension
a measurement of something in a particular direction, especially its height, length or width
emergence
when something becomes known or starts to exist
eulogy
a speech, piece of writing, poem, etc. containing great praise, especially for someone who recently died or stopped working
fall into place
When events or details that you did not understand before fall into place, they become easy to understand
fingerprint
the mark made on something by the pattern of curved lines on the end of someone’s finger
fuel
Something that fuels a feeling or a type of behaviour increases or strengthens it.
evolutionary
relating to the way in which living things develop over millions of years
forensic
relating to scientific methods of solving crimes
foresight
the ability to judge correctly what is going to happen in the future and plan your actions based on this knowledge
fossil
part of an animal or plant from thousands of years ago, preserved in rock
in the frame
under suspicion of committing a crime
genetic
relating to genes
gestation period
the period of the development of a child or young animal while it is still inside its mother’s body
gloom
feelings of great unhappiness and loss of hope
golden age
a period of time, sometimes imaginary, when everyone was happy, or when a particular art, business, etc. was very successful
hinder
to make it difficult to do something or for something to develop
iconic
based on images
inherit
to have the same physical or mental characteristics as one of your parents or grandparents
innate
An innate quality or ability is one that you were born with, not one you have learned.
interlaced
If things are interlaced thay are joined together to make a whole, especially by crossing one thing over another or fitting one part into another.
intricate
having many small or complicated parts and details
intrusive
If something or someone is intrusive, they become involved in things which should be private.
lifespan
the amount of time that a person lives or a thing exists
make-up
The make-up of something or someone is the combination of things that form it.
manipulate
to control something using the hands
monotonous
If something is monotonous, it is boring because it stays the same.
official statement
something that someone says or writes officially, or an action done to express an opinion
paediatrician
a doctor who has special training in medical care for children
parable
a short simple story which teaches or explains an idea, especially a moral or religious idea
pioneering
using ideas and methods that have never been used before
precede
to be or go before something or someone in time or space
prematurely
happening too soon or before the usual time
primitive
relating to human society at a very early stage of development, with people living in a simple way without machines or a writing system
reveal
to give someone a piece of information that is surprising or that was previously secret
right-handed
Someone who is right-handed uses their right hand to do most things.
sermon
a religious speech given by a priest in church
sign language
a system of communication using hand movements, used by people who are deaf (=cannot hear)
slant
to slope in a particular direction, or to make something slope in a particular direction
slogan
a short phrase that is easy to remember and is used to make people notice something
spatial
relating to the position, area, and size of things
streamline
the shaping of something so that it can move as effectively and quickly as possible through a liquid or gas
summing up
a talk given to summarise important information, often in a court of law
surge
a large increase in something
syntax
the grammatical arrangement of words in a sentence
take into account
to consider or remember when judging a situation
trustworthy
able to be trusted
upright
straight up or vertical
warehouse
a large building for storing things before they are sold, used or sent out to shops, or a large shop selling a large number of a particular product at a cheap rate