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Level 20

Unit 20


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adamant
very sure of what you think and not willing to change your opinion
be after sth
to be looking for someone or something or trying to find them
ambiguous
having more than one possible meaning
approach
a way of doing something
attentive
If someone is attentive, they are very helpful and take care of you.
authenticity
the quality of being real or true
blunt
saying exactly what you think without caring about people’s feelings
breadth
when something includes many different things, features, subjects or qualities
bronchitis
an illness in your lungs which makes you cough and have problems breathing
bungee jump
when you jump off a very high bridge or similar structure, with a long elastic rope tied to your legs, so that the rope pulls you back before you hit the ground
charcoal
a hard black substance similar to coal which can be used as fuel or, in the form of sticks, as something to draw with
chubbiness
being fat in a pleasant and attractive way
under no/any circumstances
If you tell someone not to do something under any circumstances, you mean that he/she must not do it.
clarify
to make something easier to understand by explaining it
commercial
intended to make a profit
conclude
to decide something after studying all the information about it very carefully
conniving
describes a person who deceives others for their own advantage
contemporary
of the present time
defrost
to (cause to) become free of ice, or to (cause to) become no longer frozen
depict
to represent someone or something in a picture or story
deterioration
becoming worse
devise
to design or invent something such as a system, plan, or piece of equipment
dusk
the time before night when it is not yet dark
eerie
strange in a frightening and mysterious way
ethical
relating to what is right or wrong
exacerbate
to make something which is already bad worse
fibbing
telling small lies that are not very important
gaze
a long look, usually of a particular kind
girder
a long thick piece of steel or concrete, etc. which supports a roof, floor, bridge or other large structure
guts
If someone has guts they are brave and determined.
have a head for heights
to be able to be in high places without fear
home truth
a piece of information which is not pleasant or wanted, but is true
hygiene
the process of keeping things clean, especially to prevent disease
implicit
suggested but not stated directly
inconclusive
not giving or having a result or decision
innocence
when someone does not have much experience of life and does not know about the bad things that happen
inquiringly
as if wanting to know something
insomnia
when you find it difficult to sleep
integrity
honesty and the ability to do or know what is morally right
jolly
happy and smiling
leisurely
describes an action that is done in a relaxed way, without hurrying
mingled
mixed or combined
on no account
If something must on no account/not on any account be done, it must not be done at any time or for any reason.
patent
to obtain the official legal right to make or sell an invention for a particular number of years
paternal
like a father
phenomenon
someone or something extremely successful, often because of special qualities or abilities
pinch
a small amount of something, such as a powder, especially the amount which a person can hold between their first finger and thumb
posture
the position of your back, shoulders, etc when you are standing or sitting
precision
when something is very exact and accurate
putrefaction
the state of decaying
radiant
obviously very happy or very beautiful
sanitised
made completely clean and free from bacteria
scarcely
only just
self-consciousness
being nervous or uncomfortable because you know what people think about you or your actions
sentimentality
being strongly influenced by emotional feelings
at a snail’s pace
extremely slowly
steel yourself
to force yourself to get ready to do something unpleasant or difficult
susceptible
easily influenced or harmed by something
tense
A tense muscle feels tight and stiff.
time flies
used to mean that time passes very and surprisingly quickly
tissue
the material that animals and plants are made of
tout
to advertise, make known or praise something or someone repeatedly, especially as a way of encouraging their sale, popularity or development
troubling
Something that is troubling makes you worried or nervous.
unstable
likely to change or end suddenly
wear sb out
to make someone extremely tired
wearily
in a tired way
have your work cut out (for you)
to have something very difficult to do