Level 20 Level 22
Level 21

Unit 21


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accelerator
the part of a car which you push with your foot to make it go faster
adorn
to decorate something
airborne
moving in, or carried by the air
assertive
behaving or speaking in a strong, confident way
auspicious
If an event or time is auspicious, it makes you believe that something will be successful in the future.
barley
a type of grain used for making food and alcoholic drinks
boundary
a real or imagined line that marks the edge or limit of something
brace yourself
to prepare yourself physically or mentally for something unpleasant
bring sth to the table
If a plan or suggestion has been brought to the table, it has been made available for people to hear, read or discuss.
brushwood
small branches that have broken off from trees and bushes
carrier
a company which operates aircraft
chilly
(of weather, conditions in a room, or parts of the body) cold
cluster
a group of similar things that are close together
comrade
a friend, especially someone who fights with you in a war
concoction
the result or process of concocting something
copse
an area of closely planted trees, especially one in which the trees are cut regularly to provide wood
coracle
a small round boat which is made by stretching animal skin over a wooden frame
crease
a line on cloth or paper where it has been folded or crushed
creature comfort
something that makes life more pleasant, such as good food and a comfortable place to live
crisp
A crisp image is very clear.
as the crow flies
describes a distance when measured in a straight line between two points or places
curfew
a time, especially at night, when people are not allowed to leave their homes
delegate
to give someone else part of your work or some of your responsibilities
disintegration
weakening or destruction by breaking into small pieces
dung
solid waste from a large animal
the establishment
the important and powerful people who control a country or an organization, especially those who support the existing situation
exuberance
very energetic behaviour
finishing touches
final improvements
foothills
the lower hills next to a mountain or line of mountains
frown on/upon
to disapprove of something
get on like a house on fire
If two people get on like a house on fire, they like each other and become friends very quickly.
get sth off the ground
If a plan or activity gets off the ground or you get it off the ground, it starts or succeeds.
get rid of sth
to remove or throw away something unwanted
grin
to smile a wide smile
guru
a person skilled in something who gives advice
hands-on experience
Someone who has hands-on experience of something has done or used it rather than just read or learned about it.
harsh
unpleasant, unkind, cruel or unnecessarily severe
have had its/your day
to be much less popular than before
hit the road
to begin a journey
home from home
a place where you feel as comfortable as you do in your own home
idle
not working or being used
immerse yourself
to become completely involved in something
inevitable
If something is inevitable, you cannot avoid or prevent it.
jostle
to push other people in order to get somewhere in a crowd
kindling
small dry sticks or other materials used to start a fire
ledge
a long, flat surface that comes out under a window or from the side of a mountain
liven up
to become more energetic or in a better mood, or to make someone feel this way
luxurious
very comfortable and expensive
nooks and crannies
every part of a place
once-in-a-lifetime
an experience or opportunity that is special because it is the only time you will have it
pannier
a bag, especially one of a pair that hang on either side of a bicycle, motorcycle, or animal such as a donkey
paraphrase
repeating something written or spoken using different words, in a simpler and shorter form that makes the original meaning clearer
picture-postcard
describes a place that is extremely attractive
pontoon
a metal structure used especially to form or support a temporary floating bridge
poplar
a tall tree with branches that grow up to form a thin, pointed shape
prototype
the first example of something, such as a machine or other industrial product, from which all later forms are developed
pursuit
activity or hobby
put sth on the map
to make a thing or place famous
rattle
a sound similar to a series of quickly repeated knocks
render sb incapable of
to cause someone to be unable to do something
shortcut
a quicker way of doing something in order to save time or effort
shrub
a large plant with a rounded shape grown in gardens
sketch
a simple, quickly-made drawing which does not have many details
smog
air pollution in a city that is a mixture of smoke, gases, and chemicals
soak
If liquid soaks somewhere or soaks something, it makes something very wet.
splendour
when something is extremely beautiful or luxurious
black spot
a place on a road that is considered to be dangerous because several accidents have happened there
stark
with a very plain and simple appearance
a stone’s throw
a short distance
straw
the long, dried stems of plants such as wheat (=plant for grain), often given to animals for sleeping on and eating
stuff yourself
to eat a lot
submersible
a type of ship which can travel under water, especially one which operates without people in it
suspension
equipment which is fixed to the wheels of a vehicle in order to make it move more smoothly
swirl
to move around and around quickly
tourist trap
a crowded place which provides entertainment and things to buy for tourists, often at high prices
trim
to cut a small amount from something to make it tidy
no room to swing a cat
a space that is very small
off the beaten track
a place where few people go, far from main roads and towns
vibrate
to shake with small, quick movements
visibility
how far or how well you can see because of weather conditions
watertight
Something that is watertight prevents water from entering it.
weigh up
to form an opinion about a situation or someone’s character by thinking about it carefully
whitewash
to cover walls with a white liquid that is a mixture of lime or powdered chalk and water
withstand
to not be damaged or broken by something
work-life balance
the time you spend doing your job compared with the time you spend with your family and doing things you enjoy
yak
a type of cattle with long hair and long horns, found mainly in Tibet