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US METAR Abbreviations


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$
maintenance check indicator
/
indicator that visual range data follows; separator between temperature and dew point data.
ACC
Altocumulus Castellanus
ACFT MSHP
aircraft mishap
ACSL
altocumulus standing lenticular cloud
ALP
airport location point
ALQDS
All Quadrants (Official)
ALQS
All Quadrants (Unofficial)
AO1
automated station without precipitation discriminator
APCH
approach
APRNT
apparent
APRX
approximately
ATCT
airport traffic control tower
AUTO
fully automated report
C
center (with reference to runway designation)
CA
cloud-air lightning
CBMAM
cumulonimbus mammatus cloud
CC
cloud-cloud lightning
CCSL
cirrocumulus standing lenticular cloud
CD
candela
CG
cloud-ground lightning
CHI
cloud-height indicator
CHINO
sky condition at secondary location not available
CIG
Ceiling
CONS
continuous
COR
correction to a previously disseminated observation
DOC
Department of Commerce
DOD
Department of Defense
DOT
Department of Transportation
DSIPTG
dissipating
DSNT
distant
DVR
dispatch visual range
E
east, ended, estimated ceiling (SAO)
FAA
Federal Aviation Administration
FIBI
filed but impracticable to transmit
FIRST
first observation after a break in coverage at manual station
FMH-1
Federal Meteorological Handbook No.1, Surface Weather Observations & Reports (METAR)
FMH2
Federal Meteorological Handbook No.2, Surface Synoptic Codes
FROPA
frontal passage
FROIN
Frost On The Indicator
FRQ
Frequent
FT
feet
FZRANO
freezing rain sensor not available
G
gust
HLSTO
hailstone
ICAO
International Civil Aviation Organization
INCRG
increasing
INTMT
intermittent
KT
KNOTS
L
left (with reference to runway designation)
LAST
last observation before a break in coverage at a manual station
LTG
Lightning
LWR
lower
M
minus, less than
MAX
maximum
MIN
minimum
MOV
moved/moving/movement
MT
mountains
N
north
N/A
not applicable
NCDC
National Climatic Data Center
NE
Northeast
NOS
National Ocean Survey
NOSPECI
no SPECI reports are taken at the station
NOTAM
Notice to airmen
NW
northwest
NWS
National Weather Service
OCNL
occasional
OFCM
Office of the Federal Coordinator for Meteorology
OHD
overhead
OVR
over
P
indicates greater than the highest reportable value
PCPN
precipitation
PK WND
Peak Wind
PNO
precipitation amount not available
PRES
Atmospheric pressure
PRESFR
pressure falling rapidly
PRESRR
pressure rising rapidly
PWINO
precipitation identifier sensor not available
R
right (with reference to runway designation), runway
RTD
Routine Delayed (late) observation
RV
reportable value
RVR
Runway visual range
RVRNO
RVR system values not available
RWY
runway
S
south
SCSL
stratocumulus standing lenticular cloud
SE
southeast
SFC
surface, i.e., ground level)
SLP
sea-level pressure
SLPNO
sea-level pressure not available
SM
statute miles
SNINCR
snow increasing rapidly
SOG
Snow on the ground
SPECI
an unscheduled report taken when certain criteria have been met
STN
station
SW
southwest
TS
Thunderstorm
TSNO
thunderstorm information not available
TWR
tower
UNKN
unknown
UTC
Coordinated Universal Time
V
variable
VIS
visibility
VISNO
visibility at secondary location not available
VR
visual range
VRB
variable
W
west
WG/SO
Working Group for Surface Observations
WMO
World Meteorological Organization
WND
wind
WS
wind shear