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Verbs in English have two participles, called ‘present participle’ (e.g. walking, taking) and ‘past participle’ (e.g. walked, taken).
passive voice
The opposite of the 'active voice' following the structure object + verb + subject: The sentence 'It was eaten by our dog' is the passive of 'Our dog ate it'.
past tense
Verbs written in this tense are commonly used to: talk about the past, talk about imagined situations, make a request sound more polite. Most use a suffix e.g. -ed from the root word but there are some commonly-used irregularities.
A belief that sees language as able to adapt to its context. They observe how the majority use language rather than what a particular authority say.
present participle
One of two verb types, this often uses an -ing suffix.
past participle
One of two verb types, this often uses an -ed suffix.
pluralising pronouns
Some regions (Liverpool, for example), pluralise pronouns.
Can be: a noun followed by an apostrophe with our without 's' or a possessive pronoun (e.g. his).
progressive verb
A verb which generally describes events in progress by combining the present participle with a form of the verb 'be'.
present tense
Verbs in this tense are commonly used to talk about the present or the future.
post-vocalic /r/
Pronouncing an /r/ after the vowel.