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bathos
sudden switch in style from the elevated to the ordinary,
sonnet
14 line poem with strict rhyming scheme (usually Petrarchan or Shakespearean)
aphorism
a terse saying embodying a general truth, or astute observation
ad hominem (argument)
an argument made personally against an opponent instead of against their argument.[
surreal
images drawn from dreams and the subconscious; often linked in an irrational way
trochee
stressed syllable followed by unstressed, e.g., PUSHing, RAPid (DUM-da, DUM-da)
anecdotal evidence
examples based on a small number of individual stories and experiences to support an argument
analogy
a similarity between like features of two things, on which a comparison may be based: the analogy between the heart and a pump.
periodic
sentence which tends to be long and complex and which holds back the main element till the end
colloquial
informal language, close to conversational style
passive (verb or sentence)
action is done to the subject of the sentence
etymology
the origin of a word; how it has developed over time
zeugma
one word governs two or more words or phrases, e.g., "She arrived in a taxi and a rage"