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TRANSFORMATION OF MATERIALS INTO PRODUCTS OF INCREASED VALUES. Application of physical and chemical processes to alter geometry, properties, appearance of starting materials, in order to make parts for products or to assemble many parts into one product. Can be viewed as a technical and an economic process. Sometimes used interchangeably with "production" >>> CHEAP SCRAP TRANSFORMED INTO EXPENSIVE CAR.
Manufacturing industries
PRIMARY - use natural resources: oil, agriculture. SECONDARY - use of primary industry products, manufacturing is a secondary industry. TETRIARY - that's the service sector: the shops, the restaurants, the hamburger flipping
Manufactured products
CONSUMER GOODS - the shit that people buy: TVs, dildos, balaklavas. CAPITAL GOODS - the stuff that companies buy: planes, trains, construction equipment. >>> Capital goods contribute and enable the service industry - you can't have air travel and public transportation without cars and busses, nor can you have hotels without building equipement.
Quantity and variety
Variety of products is inversely correlated to the quantity ( low: 1-100; medium: 100-10,000; high: 10,000 - millions) of products a plant produces - the bigger the plant is, the harder it to change things for new and different products, just like with Ford and model T, which you could have in any color, as long as it was black >>> BIG FIELDS PRODUCE LESS VARIETY.
Hard and soft product variety
The difference between the products - a car of a different color is a soft product variety; a car, a quad, or a bike are hard product varieties.
Manufacturing capability
The ability of a plant to produce a [1] product using certain technologies, [2] of a certain size, [3] in certain capacity of units per month >>> TECHNOLOGICAL, SIZE, CAPACITY capabilities >>> TeSaC
Engineering materials
Most engineering materials can be classified into three basic categories: [1] Metals, [2] Ceramics, [3] Polymers, yet a combination of the three basic types can yield a composite engineering material. >>> METALS, CERAMICS, POLYMERS, COMPOSITS >>> MaC-PaC
Processing operation
USAGE OF ENERGY TO CHANGE A PART'S PROPERTIES, such as shape, appearance, etc. Categories: Shaping processes; Property enhancing processes, Surface processing operations.
Shaping processes
Application of heat or/and mechanical force to change geometry of work material. [1] SOLIDIFICATION PROCESSING - casting iron or other shit. [2] PARTICULATE PROCESSING - forming of powder into form by heat: carbide tools. [3] DEFORMATION PROCESSES - deforming a material by applying force: bending, forging, extrusion. [4] MATERIAL REMOVAL PROCESSES - machinning operations: milling, drilling, turning, grinding. >>> SOLIDIFIED and PARTICULATE DEFORMITY REMOVES organs.
Property enhancing processes
Enhancement of part's properties, such as using a heat treatment of steel to increase it's strength or sintering of powdered metals and ceramics.
Surface processing
Change of the part's surface. [1] Cleaning - mechanical and chemical removal of contaminants. [2] Surface treatments - change of surface properties: shot peening, sand blasting, diffusion, ion implantation. [3] Coating and thin film deposition - electroplating, anodizing, painting, chemical vapor deposition.
Assembly operations
JOINING OF PARTS TOGETHER by different means, fastening components with bolts and screws, gluing shit together, welding different pieces of scrap metal, riveting shit metal to a neighbor's windshield >>> Joining parts together in a bond of satisfactory strength.
Production machinery
Production machinery can be for general or special purpose, the special purpose machinery usually produces much more quantities in a much shorter period of time.