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Aristotle 1


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Aristotle
Born in Stagirus in Thrace, lived 384-322 BC. Student of Plato and teacher of Alexander the Great. A man of astonishing intellectual power and range, became one of the most important intellectual influences in Western history. Wrote on logic, mathematics, physics, metaphysics, ethics, politics, rhetoric, poetics, dance, theater, agriculture, biology, botany, and medicine.
Theophrastus
From the island of Lesbos, lived from about 371 to about 287 BC. Favorite pupil of Aristotle and succeeded him as head of the Lyceum
Lyceum
The place in Athens where Aristotle met with his students. Though existing before and after Aristotle, the name is often associated with his school.
Peripatetics
A name for followers of Aristotle, deriving from his tendency to walk as he talked.
Nicomachean Ethics
Name of Aristotle's best known work on Ethics.
Logic
Categories, On Interpretation, Prior Analytics, Posterior Analytics, Topics, Sophistical Refutations are names of Aristotle's writings on what subject?
Metaphysics
Aristotle wrote down his far-out ideas and added them at the end of his book "Physics". The Greek for "after the Physics" gave us the name for this subject in philosophy.
Poetics
The name of Aristotle's work on tragedy and epic poetry.
Politics
Writings by Aristotle on the best states, constitutions, revolutions, and utopias is named what?
Natural history
Theophrastus wrote works much on the same subjects as Aristotle, but his main efforts continued the work of Aristotle on what subject?
Father of Botany
From his writing on plants, Theophrastus is sometimes given this name.