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Aristotle 2


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Metaphysics
Substance, cause, form, and potentiality are Aristotle's concerns in this work.
Changes in things
First, Aristotle objected to Plato's Theory of Forms because Forms were unable to explain what?
Individual things
Second, Aristotle objected to Plato's Forms because they could not explain knowledge of what?
God
The first substance and the unmoved source of all movement according to Aristotle
Contemplation
Aristotle's God is eternal, blessed, and engaged in never-ending what?
Causes
The movement of things from potential being to actual being, Aristotle explained by four of these.
Material cause
The elements from which an object is created, Aristotle called this.
Formal cause
The source of what something is for Aristotle.
Efficient cause
The means by which an object is created according to Aristotle.
Final cause
The purpose or end of an object according to Aristotle
The Highest Good
Ethics for Aristotle was an effort to find what?
Happiness
Aristotle says that the chief end or highest good for men is this.
The Golden Mean
Aristotle thought that moral virtue was a balance between extremes of excess and deficiency; e.g. courage is the middle between rashness and cowardness. This was called what?
High-mindedness
Aristotle thought this was the highest virtue and the crown of all the others.