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Epicureanism


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Epicureanism
The philosophical school that held that there is no divine principle; that gods, men, and matter were made of atoms; and that individual pleasure was the chief aim of life, so one should live moderately to maximize pleasure while minimizing suffering.
Atoms and the Void
Epicurus, following Democritus, held that these are the basic constituents of the world.
Nothing comes from nothing
Based on this principle, Epicurus held that the universe has no beginning, has always existed, and will always exist.
Swerve
Since atoms by nature move straight downward, Epicurus held that in order for macroscopic bodies to be created, it was necessary at random times for the atoms to do this.
Egoistic hedonism
The form of Epicurus' ethics.
Pleasure
Epicurus agreed with Aristotle that happiness is the highest good, but Epicurus identified happiness with this.
A virtuous life
To have this is the best way to secure pleasure - the highest good - according to Epicurus.
Sense data
According to Lucretius a true and accurate picture of external reality is provided by what?
Superstition
When Lucretius wrote, "So powerful is religion at persuading to evil," he was speaking about this.