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Level 102

NME 18 The Healthy Liver


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Albumin
A key protein produced by the liver for drug transport in the body
12
The liver produces [___]g of albumin daily
Prothrombin time
A measure used to determine the clotting tendency of blood
2, 7, 9 and 10
The coagulation factors measured by prothrombin time
K
Prothrombin time is affected by the rate of absorption of vitamin [_]
Bilirubin
The yellow breakdown product of blood metabolism
80%
[__]% of bilirubin produced is from the breakdown of erythrocytes
Enterocytes
Bile salts are released into the small intestine and then are reabsorbed by the [_____]
Emulsify
Bile salts [_____] fats
Micelles
Bile salts emulsify fats by packaging them into water soluble complexes, called [_____]
Pancreatic
Once emulsified with bile, fats are broken down by [_____] lipases
Fat soluble
Bile salts allow absorption of [______] vitamins
A, B12, D and K
The main vitamins stored by the liver
Gluconeogenesis
[_____] occurs in the liver to produce glucose in order to raise glucose serum levels
Urea, urea
The [____] cycle in the liver turns toxic ammonia into [___]
Angiotensinogen
The liver produces hormones and prohormones including [_____] - important in the release of aldosterone