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Level 103

NME 18 Chronic Liver Disease


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Steatosis
Fatty acids accumulating in the liver is called [_____]
Stellate and type 1 collagen
Fibrosis (scarring) of the liver is caused by the activation of [_____] cells to produce [_____]
Nitric oxide
Portal hypertension occurs due to the reduction of [_____] production
Endothelin-1
[_____] is released from endothelial sinusoids and contributes to portal hypertension
Rectum and colon
Portal hypertension can cause varices in other areas as well as the oesephagus including the [_____] and [_____]
Haemorrhage
The main danger with any varices is [_____]
Hypoalbuminaemia
Portal hypertension can result in oedema and ascites as fluid leaks from vessels due to [_____]
Splenic sequestration
Platelets are low in portal hypertension due to [_____]
Hyponatraemia
Low sodium levels are described as this. It is a bad prognostic sign
Jaundice
A condition caused by a build up of bilirubin in the blood. Common sign of chronic liver disease
Endoscope
Varices can be banded using an [_____]
Protein
Muscle wastage can occur with chronic liver disease due to a decline in [_____] synthesis