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Level 109

NME 36 Endocrine Histology (Thyroid and Parathyroi


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Thyroid hormones
T3 and T4 are collectively referred to as the [_______]
Iodine
T3 and T4 are named based on the number of [______] atoms they contain
TSH
T3 and T4 production is controlled by [___]
Calcitonin
The hormone which acts to lower blood calcium
Thyroid gland
The gland which produces calcitonin
Parathyroid hormone
The hormone which acts to raise blood calcium
Parathyroid hormone
PTH
Parathyroid glands
Small endocrine glands in the neck which produce PTH
Chief cells
The cells of the parathyroid gland which produce parathyroid hormone
Four
The number of parathyroid glands a person typically has
Thyroid follicles
The functional units of the thyroid gland
Thyroid follicles
T3 and T4 hormone are produced by [______] in the thyroid gland
Stores large amounts of inactive hormone
The thyroid gland is unique among endocrine glands as it [_______]
Lobus dexter
The right lobe of the thyroid gland
Lobus sinister
The left lobe of the thyroid gland
Thyroid isthmus
A structure connecting the left and right lobes of the thyroid glands
C5 to T1
The vertebral level of the thyroid gland
Osteoblasts
Cells that are responsible for bone formation
Osteoclasts
Cells that are responsible for bone break-down
C cells
Calcitonin is produced by [______] in the thyroid gland
Thyroid gland
The parathyroid glands are located within the [______]
Calcium homeostasis
The sole role of the parathyroid glands