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Level 110

NME 36 Endocrine Histology (Adrenals and Pancreas)


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Hypothalamus
The adrenal glands are controlled by the [_______]
Adrenal cortex and adrenal medulla
The adrenal glands are divided into the [______] and [_______]
Mesoderm
The adrenal cortex originates from [mesoderm/neural crest]
Neural crest
The adrenal medulla originates from [mesoderm/neural crest]
Zona glomerulosa
The outermost layer of the adrenal cortex
Mineralocorticoids
The type of hormone produced by the zona glomerulosa
Aldosterone
An example of a mineralocorticoid
Zona fasciculata
The middle layer of the adrenal cortex
Glucocorticoids
The type of hormone produced by the zona fasciculata
Cortisol
An example of a glucocorticoid
Zona reticularis
The innermost layer of the adrenal cortex
Gonadocorticoids
The type of hormone produced by the zona reticularis
Oestrogen
An example of a gonadocorticoid
Cholesterol
All adrenal cortex hormones are synthesised from [______]
Adrenaline and noradrenaline
Two hormones produced by the adrenal medulla
Chromaffin cells
Adrenaline and noradrenaline are produced by [_______] in the adrenal medulla
Sympathetic stimulation
The adrenal medulla produces adrenaline and noradrenline in response to [_______]
Endocrine and exocrine
The pancreas contains both [______] and [______] components
Islets of Langerhans
The regions of the pancreas that contain its endocrine cells
Tail
Islets of Langerhans tend to be found at the [____] of the pancreas
Glucagon
The hormone produced by Alpha (A) cells in the pancreas
Insulin
The hormone produced by Beta (B) cells in the pancreas
Somatostatin
The hormone produced by Delta (D) cells in the pancreas
Pancreatic polypeptide
The hormone produced by PP cells in the pancreas
Ghrelin
The hormone produced by epsilon cells in the pancreas
Motilin
A hormone produced by enterochromaffin cells in the pancreas