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Level 118

LC 93 - 111


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Terminate, prepare and correct
The three responses that can be advised following pre-natal diagnosis of a birth defect
IVF
[__] means that cells can be removed for assay before implantation
Maternal blood, amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling
Methods of post-implantation diagnosis of an embryo. [_______], [_______], [_______], fetoscopy and ultrasound
Fetoscopy and ultrasound
Methods of post-implantation diagnosis of an embryo. Maternal blood, amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling, [_______] and [_______]
0.25-0.5%
The risk of miscarriage caused by amniocentesis
0.5-1%
The risk of miscarriage caused by chorionic villus sampling
1-2%
The risk of miscarriage caused by cordocentesis
12%
The risk of miscarriage caused by fetoscopy
Split spine
A literal translation of spina bifida
Amniotic
It is likely exposure to [_______] fluid in utero that increases the risk of neurological damage in NTDs
Rachischisis
A type of neural tube defect where the entire spine has failed to fuse
Lumbar and lumbosacral
Regions of the vertebra where spina bifida cystica is most common
Cerebrospinal fluid
A clear fluid found in the brain and spinal cord
0.6 in 1000
Current incidence of spina bifida in 1000 births
Hydrocephalus
A condition where an abnormally large volume of cerebrospinal fluid has collected in the brain
Sacral lesion
Name the vertebral region of the lesion most likely affected in the following spina bifida patient. Problems with feet, walks with a waddle
High lumbar lesion
Name the vertebral region of the lesion most likely affected in the following spina bifida patient. Confined to a wheelchair
Tethered spinal cord
A possible complication of spina bifida which can cause mobility issues as the individual ages
Motor, sensory, learning difficulties, bladder and bowel
A holistic list of possible complications of spina bifida