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Level 137

LC 2.8 Hypothalamus and Pituitary


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Brain
The hypothalamus is part of the [_____]
Pocket of bone
The pituitary gland lies in a [________] at the base of the brain
Infundibulum
The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland are connected by the [______]
Anterior lobe and posterior lobe
The two lobes of the pituitary gland
Hypophysis
Another term for the pituitary gland
Adenohypophysis
Another term for the anterior pituitary lobe
Neurohypophysis
Another term for the posterior pituitary lobe
Thyrotropin-releasing hormone
Hormone: TRH
Corticotropin-releasing hormone
Hormone: CRH
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone
Hormone: GnRH
Growth hormone releasing hormone
Hormone: GHRH
Somatostatin
Hormone: SS
Somatostatin
Growth hormone-inhibiting hormone (GHIH) is known as this
Prolactin
Hormone: PRL
Prolactin-releasing factors
Hormone: PRF
Dopamine
Prolactin-inhibiting hormone is known as this
Thyroid-stimulating hormone
Hormone: TSH
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
Hormone: ACTH
Follicle-stimulating hormone
Hormone: FSH
Luteinising hormone
Hormone: LH
Growth hormone
Hormone: GH
Stimulates release of TSH
The effect of thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) on the anterior pituitary gland
Stimulates release of ACTH
The effect of corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) on the anterior pituitary gland
Stimulates release of FSH and LH
The effect of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) on the anterior pituitary gland
Stimulates release of GH
The effect of growth-hormone releasing hormone on the anterior pituitary gland
Inhibits release of GH and TSH
The effect of somatostatin on the anterior pituitary gland
Stimulates release of prolactin
The effect of prolactin-releasing factors (PRF) on the anterior pituitary gland
Inhibits release of prolactin
The effect of dopamine on the anterior pituitary gland
Permissiveness
The presence of one hormone allowing another to work
Synergism
Where two or more hormones work together to produce a better effect
Antagonism
Where one hormone blocks or lowers the effect of another hormone
Hyperplasia and hypertrophy
Hypothalamic-releasing hormones stimulate [_____] and [_____] of target cells
Pulses
Hypothalamic-releasing hormones travel in [_____]