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Level 90

NME 2 (II) RDAs and Life's Little Essentials


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Ascorbic acid
The principal vitamin involved in iron absorption
Ferritin
[_______] transports iron around the body and therefore is a direct measure of iron levels
Iodine
An essential chemical component of thyroid hormones
Iodine
Cretinism is caused by a lack of [_______]
Zinc
Failure to thrive, immune defects and acrodermatis enteropathica are all caused by lack of [_______]
Fat
Vitamins A, D, E and K are all [_______] soluble vitamins
Differentiation
Vitamin A is essential for vision, normal immunity and cell [_______]
Dairy products
Vitamin A can be found in Liver, [_______] and oily fish
Fat soluble
People with liver disease, fat malabsorption, Asian or have a poor socio-economic status are more likely to be deficient in [_______] vitamins
E
Deficiency in Vitamin [__] is a risk factor for malignancy and heart disease
D
Vitamin [__] is essential for brain development and structure, maintaining normal Ca homeostasis and Ca absorption.
Blood clotting and proteins
Vitamin K is essential for normal [_______] and is a major component of bone [_______]
Scurvy
Vitamin C deficiency leads to [______]
B3
Niacin is the chemical name for vitamin [__]
Diarrhoea, dermatitis, dementia and death
Deficiency in B3 (niacin) leads to [_______], [_______], [_______] and [_______] (the four Ds)
B12
Vegetarians and vegans are at particular risk of being deficient in this vitamin
B6
Deficiency of vitamin [__] causes muscle weakness, nervousness, irritability, depression, short term memory loss and difficulty concentrating.
B12
Vitamin [__] is only found in animal products
B1
Vitamin [__] is essential for carbohydrate metabolism