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NME 5 Glycolysis


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ATP
Common currency of energy in cells
Glycolysis
An anaerobic process which breaks down glucose
Glycolysis
First step in glucose catabolism
Pyruvate
End product of glycolysis
Acetyl CoA
Aerobic product of pyruvate catabolism
Anaerobic
A process that proceeds in the absence of oxygen
Lactic acid
Anaerobic product of pyruvate catabolism
Investment
The first five steps of glycolysis are the energy [______] stage
2
The amount of ATP used during glycolysis
4
The amount of ATP molecules produced during glycolysis
2
The NET amount of ATP produced from glycolysis
2
There are [__] molecules of NADH produced during glycolysis
3
The number of control/regulatory points during glycolysis
2
The number of pyruvate molecules produced during glycolysis
Lactate
If glycolysis occurs during anaerobic conditions, the pyruvate is converted into [______]
Acetyl CoA
Pyruvate can be converted into [______] which enters the TCA cycle
Pyruvate dehydrogenase
The enzyme that converts pyruvate into Acetyl CoA
Oxaloacetate
Pyruvate can be converted into [______] by the addition of CO2, to replenish the TCA cycle
Glucose 6-P
Glycolysis 1st Control Point: the first reaction of glycolysis - glucose --> [______]
Glucokinase
The enzyme of the first control point in glycolysis
Glucose 6-P
Glucokinase is inhibited by high concentration of [______]
Fructose 6-P
Glycolysis 2nd Control Point: the conversion of [______] to Fructose 1, 6 - bis - P
Phosphofructokinase
The enzyme of the second control point in glycolysis
Pyruvate kinase
Glycolysis 3rd Control Point: Phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) is converted into pyruvate under the influence of this enzyme
Low lactate levels
Patients with the absence of the enzyme Pyruvate Kinase present with [______] in red blood cells
Irreversible
All regulatory/control points of glycolysis are [______] reactions
Glucagon
Phosphofructokinase is inhibited by [______] as it increases the cellular levels of cAMP
NADH and FADH2
The reduced coenzymes and hydrogen transporters in the electron transport chain
Glyceraldehyde 3-Phosphate
Product of phosphorylation of glycerol