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Level 1

Macronutrients (function)


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Water
Medium for blood transport, intracellular reactions, component of thermoregulatory system, to dissolve nutrients, to transport nutrients and metabolic products and to eliminate wastes via urine
Carbohydrates
Energy (16kj/g), sweetness, preservation
Fibre
Improving bowel function (laxation), reduction in blood cholesterol, modulation of blood glucose
Protein
Tissue growth and repair, regulate and maintain body functions, immune function, enzyme and hormone production, energy reserve (17kj/g)
Lipids
Energy storage (37kj/g), signalling, structural component of cell membranes, brain development, vision Phospholipids and cholesterol: maintenance of cell membranes, synthesis of steroid hormones and bile salts. Eicosanoids: platelet aggregation, smooth muscle contraction, vision, cell regulation, brain function