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Level 16

Major Minerals (function)


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Calcium
A major component of bones and teeth. Necessary for the clotting of blood, muscle contraction, nerve transmission and enzyme regulation
Iron
An essential component of haemoglobin, a protein which enables red blood cells to carry oxygen throughout the body. Component of myoglobin
Magnesium
In combination with phosphorus and sodium, required for muscle and nerve function. Needed for energy. Maintains bone structure, regulates calcium balance
Sodium
Works with potassium to regulate fluid and acid/alkali balance. Responsible for nerve and muscle function
Potassium
Works with sodium to regulate the body’s fluid balance, maintains normal blood pressure, heartbeat and nerve impulses