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Respiratory (II)


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Some common associations with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
Clubbing; Cyanosis; Crackles; Cough; Corticosteroids (treatment)
Some clinical features of cystic fibrosis (II)
Sputum colonised with Staphylococcus aureus or Pseudomonas aureginosa; Clubbing of the fingers, Characteristic chest X-ray; Atresia of the vas deferens; Rectal prolapse; Failure to thrive
Some clinical features of cystic fibrosis (I)
Pancreatic insufficiency; Electrolyte (Na sweat test); Chronic cough; Alkylosis and hypotonic dehydration; Neonatal obstruction (meconium ileus)
Some causes of a chronic cough in a non-smoker with a normal chest x-ray
Heart failure (mitral stenosis); Asthma; Reflux (gastrooesophageal); Drugs (ie beta-blockers, ACE-inhibitors)
Some common causes of a pneumothorax
Spontaneous; Trauma; Pneumonia, Positive ventilation; Abscess, Asthma; Tuberculosis; Sarcoidosis; Fibrosing alveolitis; Carcinoma, COPD, Cystic fibrosis
Causes of upper lobe pulmonary fibrosis
Coal worker's pneumoconiosis; Histiocytosis X; Ankylosing spondylitis, Aspergillosis; Radiation; Tuberculosis; Silicosis, Sarcoidosis
Causes of lower lobe pulmonary fibrosis
Scleroderma; Other (drugs, ie busulphan, bleomycin, nitrofurantoin, hydralazine, methotrexate, amiodarone); Asbestosis; Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis; Rheumatoid arthritis