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scenario
1) a situation that could possibly happen 2) technical a written description of the characters, place, and things that will happen in a film, play etc
schedule
a plan of what sb is going to do and when they are going to do it
schedule
to plan that sth will happen at a particular time
schematic
showing the main parts of something in a simple way
scheme
(BE) an official plan that is intended to help people in some way, for example by providing education or training (= program AE)
scheme
a clever plan, especially to do sth that is bad or illegal - used in order to show disapproval:
scope
the range of things that a subject, activity, book etc deals with
scope
the opportunity to do or develop sth
section
1) one of the separate parts of a structure, piece of furniture etc that you fit together to form the whole 2) a separate part of a book, newspaper, document, report etc
section
1) to separate sth into parts 2) (medical) to cut a part of the body in a medical operation
sector
1) a part of an area of activity, especially of business, trade etc 2) one of the parts into which an area is divided, especially for military purposes
secure
1) a situation that is * is one that you can depend on because it is not likely to change 2) locked or guarded so that people cannot get in or out, or steal anything 3) feeling confident about yourself and your abilities
secure
1) to get or achieve sth that will be permanent, especially after a lot of effort 2) to make sth safe from being attacked, harmed, or lost 3) to fasten or tie sth firmly in a particular position
securely
1) tied, fastened etc tightly, especially in order to make sth safe 2) in a way that protects sth from being stolen or lost
security
1) things that are done to keep a person, building, or country safe from danger or crime 2) protection from bad things that could happen to you
seek
1) (formal) to try to achieve or get sth 2) written to look for sb or sth [= look for]
select
to choose sth or sb by thinking carefully about which is the best, most suitable etc [= choose, pick]
select
1) (formal) a * group of people or things is a small special group that has been chosen carefully 2) only lived in, visited, or used by a small number of rich people [= exclusive]
selection
1) the careful choice of a particular person or thing from a group of similar people or things 2) sth that has been chosen from among a group of things [= choice]
selective
1) careful about what you choose to do, buy, allow etc 2) affecting or relating to the best or most suitable people or things from a larger group
selector
1) (BE) a member of a committee that chooses the best people for sth such as a sports team 2) (technical) a piece of equipment that helps you find the right thing, for example the correct gear in a car
sequence
1) the order that something happens or exists in, or the order it is supposed to happen or exist in 2) a series of related events, actions etc that happen or are done in a particular order
sequencing
(formal) when things are arranged in an order, especially events or actions
sequential
(formal) relating to or happening in a sequence
series
1) several events or actions of a similar type that happen one after the other 2) a set of television or radio programmes that have the same characters or deal with the same type of subject, and are usually broadcast every week or several times a week
sex
1) whether a person, plant, or animal is male or female 2) all men, considered as a group, or all women, considered as a group
sexism
the belief that one sex is weaker, less intelligent, or less important than the other, especially when this results in someone being treated unfairly
sexual
relating to the social relationships between men and women, especially the differences between men and women
sexuality
the things people do, think, and feel that are related to their sexual desires
shift
1) to move from one place or position to another, or make sth do this 2) to change a situation, discussion etc by giving special attention to one idea or subject instead of to a previous one
shift
1) a change in the way people think about sth, in the way sth is done etc 2) if workers in a factory, hospital etc work *s, they work for a particular period of time during the day or night, and are then replaced by others, so that there are always people working
significant
1) having an important effect or influence, especially on what will happen in the future 2) large enough to be noticeable or have noticeable effects
significantly
1) in an important way or to an important degree 2) used to say that sth is very important
signify
1) to represent, mean, or be a sign of sth 2) (formal) if you * a feeling, opinion etc, you do sth that acts as a sign so that other people know your feeling or opinion
similar
almost the same [≠ different]
similarity
if there is a * between two things or people, they are similar in some way [≠ difference
similarly
in a similar way [≠ differently]
simulate
1) to make or produce sth that is not real but has the appearance or feeling of being real 2) (formal) to pretend to have a feeling
simulated
not real, but made to look, sound, or feel real
simulation
the activity of producing conditions which are similar to real ones, especially in order to test sth, or the conditions that are produced
site
1) a place where sth important or interesting happened 2) an area of ground where sth is being built or will be built
sole
1) the * person, thing etc is the only one [= only] 2) not shared with anyone else
solely
not involving anything or anyone else [= only]
somewhat
more than a little but not very
source
1) a thing, place, activity etc that you get sth from 2) the cause of sth, especially a problem, or the place where it starts 3) a person, book, or document that supplies you with information
source
1) (technical) if goods are *d from a particular place, they are obtained from that place 2) to find out where sth can be obtained
specific
1) a * thing, person, or group is one particular thing, person, or group 2) detailed and exact
specifics
particular details
specifically
1) relating to or intended for one particular type of person or thing only 2) in a detailed or exact way
specification
a detailed instruction about how a car, building, piece of equipment etc should be made
specify
to state sth in an exact and detailed way
sphere
1) a ball shape 2) a particular area of activity, work, knowledge etc
spherical
having the shape of a sphere [= round]
stability
the condition of being steady and not changing
stabilize
to become firm, steady, or unchanging, or to make sth firm or steady
stable
1) steady and not likely to move or change 2) calm, reasonable, and not easy to upset
statistics
a set of numbers which represent facts or measurements
statistician
sb who works with statistics
status
1) the official legal position or condition of a person, group, country etc 2) your social or professional rank or position, considered in relation to other people 3) respect and importance that sb or sth is given [= prestige]
straightforward
1) simple and easy to understand [≠ complicated] 2) honest about your feelings or opinions and not hiding anything
strategic
1) done as part of a plan, especially in a military, business, or political situation 2) useful or right for a particular purpose
strategist
sb who is good at planning things, especially military or political actions
strategy
1) a planned series of actions for achieving sth 2) the skill of planning the movements of armies in a war, or an example of this
stress
1) continuous feelings of worry about your work or personal life, that prevent you from relaxing 2) the physical force or pressure on an object
stress
to emphasize a statement, fact, or idea
stressed
(informal) so worried and tired that you cannot relax:
stressful
a job, experience, or situation that is stressful makes you worry a lot
structural
connected with the structure of sth
structure
1) the way in which the parts of sth are connected with each other and form a whole, or the thing that these parts make up 2) sth that has been built, especially sth large such as a building or a bridge
structure
to arrange the different parts of sth into a pattern or system in which each part is connected to the others [= organize]
structured
carefully organized, planned, or arranged
style
1) a particular way of doing, designing, or producing sth, especially one that is typical of a particular place, period of time, or group of people 2) the particular way that sb behaves, works, or deals with other people 3) a particular design or fashion for sth such as clothes, hair, furniture etc
style
to design clothing, furniture, or the shape of sb's hair in a particular way
styling
the design and appearance of an object, especially a car
submission
1) the state of being completely controlled by a person or group, and accepting that you have to obey them 2) when you give or show sth to sb in authority, for them to consider or approve
submit
1) to give a plan, piece of writing etc to sb in authority for them to consider or approve 2) (formal) to agree to obey a person, group, set of rules, especially when you have no choice [= give in] 3) (formal-law) to suggest or say sth
subordinate
in a less important position than sb else
subordinate
sb who has a lower position and less authority than someone else in an organization
subordinate
to put sb or sth in a less important position
subsequent
(formal) happening or coming after sth else
subsequently
(formal) after an event in the past
subsidiary
(formal) connected with, but less important than sth else [= secondary]
subsidize
if a government or organization *s a company, activity etc, it pays part of its costs
subsidy
money that is paid by a government or organization to make prices lower, reduce the cost of producing goods etc
substitute
1) sb who does sb else's job for a limited period of time, especially in a sports team or school 2) a person or thing that you use instead of the one that you usually have, because the usual one is not available
substitute
1) to use sth new or different instead of sth else 2) to do sb's job until the person who usually does it is able to do it again
substitution
when sb or sth is replaced by sb or sth else
in succession
happening one after the other without anything different happening in between:
successive
coming or following one after the other
successor
1) sb who takes a job or position previously held by sb else 2) (formal) a machine, system etc that exists after another one in a process of development
sufficiency
(formal) the state of being or having enough
sufficient
(formal) as much as is needed for a particular purpose [= enough]
sum
an amount of money
sum
1) to give the main information in a report, speech etc in a short statement at the end [= summarize] 2) when a judge *s up or *s up the case at the end of a trial, he or she explains the main facts of the case
summarize
to make a short statement giving only the main information and not the details of a plan, event, report etc [= sum up]
summary
a short statement that gives the main information about something, without giving all the details
summary
1) (formal) done immediately, and not following the normal process 2) a summary report, statement etc gives the main facts in a report etc without any of the details or explanations
summation
1) (formal) a summary or summing-up 2) the total amount or number when two or more things are added together
supplement
1) sth that you add to sth else to improve it or make it complete 2) an additional part at the end of a book, or a separate part of a newspaper, magazine etc
supplement
to add sth, especially to what you earn or eat, in order to increase it to an acceptable level
supplementary
provided in addition to what already exists [= additional]
survey
1) a set of questions that you ask a large number of people in order to find out about their opinions or behaviour 2) an examination of an area of land in order to make a map of it
survey
1) to ask a large number of people questions in order to find out their attitudes or opinions 2) to look at or consider sb or sth carefully, especially in order to form an opinion about them
survival
the state of continuing to live or exist
survive
1) to continue to live after an accident, war, or illness 2) to continue to live normally in spite of many problems 3) to manage to live a normal life even though you have very little money
survivor
1) sb who continues to live after an accident, war, or illness 2) sb who manages to live normally in spite of many problems
suspend
1) to officially stop sth from continuing, especially for a short time 2) to make sb leave their school or job for a short time, especially because they have broken the rules 3) (formal) to attach sth to a high place so that it hangs down
suspension
1) when sth is officially stopped for a period of time 2) when sb is not allowed to go to school, do their job, or take part in an activity for a period of time as a punishment
sustainable
1) able to continue without causing damage to the environment 2) able to continue for a long time
sustained
continuing for a long time
sustenance
1) (formal) food that people or animals need in order to live 2) when sth is made to continue
symbol
1) a picture or shape that has a particular meaning or represents a particular organization or idea 2) a letter, number, or sign that represents a sound, an amount, a chemical substance etc
symbolic
1) important but not having any real effect 2) representing a particular idea or quality
symbolism
the use of symbols to represent ideas or qualities
symbolize
if sth *s a quality, feeling etc, it represents it