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Family Diversity - Sociologists

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Murdock (1949)
defines family as 'a group- of people who live in the same house. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom have a socially approved sexual children and one or more children'
Parsons (1955)
Functionalist - describes the family as funcionally fit for society and states that in an industrial society the nuclear family is the best due to society have two essential needs: geographically and socially mobile workforce
Young + Willmott (1973)
March of Progress - according to them the nuclear family exisited in the pre-industrial society with parents and children working together
Laslett (1972)
study of English Households from 1564 to 1821 to find that they were almost always nuclear
Hareven (1999)
Extended family was better equipped to deal with the needs of early industrial society
Engles (1891)
Marxist - forces of production have forced the family to change its structure for the need of inheritance and to maintain class and gender differences
Zaretsky (1976)
Marxist - family performs an ideological function by oppering a haven from the harsh exploitive capitalist world
Ansley (1972)
Feminist - wives are the 'takers of shit'
Greer (2000)
Feminist - argues for ther creation of all-female or 'matrifocal' households as an alternative to the hetrosexual family
Somerville (2000)
Feminist - criticises Greer (2000) - argues that separatism is unlikely to work due to hetrosexual attractions