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Mitchell + Goody (1997)
important change in the decline in stigma and attitudes towards divorce
higher expections people place on marriage today are a major cause in raising divorce rates
Allan + Crow (2001)
love, personal commitment and intrinsic satisfaction are now seen as the cornerstones of marriage.
many women the home compares unfavourably with work
working mothers are more likely to divorce than women with tradiotional divisons of labour
cannot generlise the meaning of divorce for it is different for everyone
for most people cohabitation is just part of the process of getting married
75% of Cohabiting couples say they expect to marry each other
cohabitation among young people represents conscious attempts to create a more equal relationship than a patriachal marriage
cohabitation does not mean the same for everyone and covers a diverse number of partnerships
the campaign for LGBTQ+ rights estimates that about 5-7% of the adult population today have same-sex relationships
increased social acceptance may explain a trend in recent years towards same-sex cohabitation and stable relationships
describes same-sex cohabitation as a 'quasi-marriage' for many gay couples and notes that many aare now deciding to cohabit with life-partners
while many gay and lesbian couples welcome the opportunity to have their relationships legally recognised, others feat that it may limit the flexibity and negotiability of relationships
growing number of people opting for 'creative singlehood'
Duncan + Phillips (2008)
found that one in 10 adults are 'living apart together'
found that professional women were able to support their children without the father's involvement
found that working class mothers with less earning power chose to live on welfare benefits without a partner, often due to history of abuse
growth of welfare has led to the rise in lone parent families, due to it being a 'perverse incentive' and creates a 'dependency culture'
Ferri + Smith (1998)
step families are similar to first families in all major respects, however in general step families are at a greater risk of poverty
Allan + Crow (2001)
step families may face particular problems of divided loyalities and issues such as contact with the non-resident parent can cause tensions
argues that the higher rate of lone-parent families among blacks is not the result of disorganisation, but rather the high value black women put on independence
argues that statistics are misleading, 'lone' parent families may be stable, supportive non-cohabiting parents
found that extended family ties provided an important source of support among Asian migrants during the 1950s and 60s
the classic three-generation family living under the same roof is 'all but extinct'
the extended family continues to exisit as a 'dispersed extended family'
Caribbean families in Britain - despite being dispersed geographically provided support through 'multiple nuclear families'
both working class and middle class families had emotional bonds with extended familiy and relied on them for support
found that connection with extended familiy is expected more of in females than males