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Kondiba - A Hero


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attributes
qualities
to recognise
to know
to relate
to understand
someone with a physical disabilty
differently-abled
critically analyse
to skillfully and fairly judge sth
a story or account of sth in correct sequence
a narrative
an individual's actions in response to sth
personal reactions
self-reliant
independent
economically
financially
contribute
to give sth (money, time, knowledge, assisstance...) to a common goal
to be visually challenged
to have difficulty seeing
not enough food supply to a large geographical area leading to a starving population
famine
unfortunately
without luck
a highly infectious disease characterised by pustular spots on the skins that leave scars
small-pox
the name of a large hole dug, deep into the ground to allow access to water
a well
earth made from disintegrated rock where plants can grow
soil
formula for past perfect tense
subject + had + verb in 3rd form + object
The name of the tense we use subject + had + verb in 3rd form+ object
past perfect tense
a place of residence
dwelling
if something is continually getting bigger, it is?
growing
the total number of persons inhabiting a country is called the...?
population
of little width / not wide
narrow
the past perfect form of: he returns
he had returned
the past perfect form of: I prepare
I had prepared
to move the hands or feet around in shallow water - not swimming
paddling
the state or condition of having no money or means of support
poverty
to plunge into water head first with your arms in front of you
to dive
pottery
pots made of clay
vanish
disappear
bursting
breaking open
to reach
to succeed in touching something from a distance
slippery
likely to slip away or escape
basic understanding
given a good idea of
wailing
crying out loud with deep sadness
he couldn't hold his breath much longer
he was about to run out of air
lad
a synonym for the word boy
aching
continued physical or emotional pain
spine
the spinal or vertebral column
to struggle
to do something with difficulty
he broke the surface
he came from under the surface of the water to above the surface of the water
to gasp
to breathe air deeply and quickly
gasped
past tense of gasp
affectionately
with love and kindness
gratitude
full of thanks
indeed
in fact / in reality / in truth
gunnysack
a sack made of gunny
gunny
a strong coarse material made from jute
word soon began to spread about the beggar's courage
people started talking about Kondiba's bravery
daring
adventurous courage
publish
to issue or reproduce writing for sale or distribution to the public. eg: newspapers, books, magazines, textbooks etc...
published
past tense of publish
bottling
to put sth into or seal sth into a bottle
to run something
to manage something / to be in charge of something
determination
a fixed sense of purpose or intention
to praise
to express approval or gratification
need never
will never have to
Kondiba had become blind from small-pox at the age of eight.
When and how did Kondiba become blind?
1. He could not make money selling goods. 2. He came to know that the beggars made money in Mumbai because the people there were generous to beggars, especially blind ones.Kondiba hated begging, but he had to beg.
Why did he start begging?
The people who lived in the surrounding huts had dug the well. 2. They had dug the well in 'Golibar', a slum colony in North-East Mumbai1.
Who had dug the well? 2. Where was it dug?
They had dug the well because the only water tap in the colony was not enough for the slum’s growing population.
Why was the well dug?
The mouth of the well had gradually widened as the soil and rocks on the sides fell in. The bottom was narrow, muddy and filled with weeds. It had become dangerous.
What had happened to the water in the well within two years?
One day while Kondiba was having food he heard a woman cry out that someone had fallen into the well.
What happened one day when Kondiba was having food?
Yes, we know this because in the story Kondiba eventually saves the Arvind. He dives down again and again to search for the boy but cannot find him. And each time he comes up he feels more and more tired. The people standing near the well feel disappointed each time Kondiba comes up without Arvind
. Do you think Kondiba continues to search for Arvind?
As soon as Kondiba heard that someone had fallen down the well he stopped eating and rushed to the edge of the well to see if he could help.
What did Kondiba do as soon as he heard that someone had fallen into the well?
Finish the sentence: When Kondiba reached the well he...
dived into the well to save Arvind.
He went into the well once but rose and dived 4 times before bringing Arvind to the surface.
How many times did Kondiba go into the well?
Each time Kondiba dived in it was more painful for him to hold his breath.
Was Kondiba's experience the same or different every time he went under the water?
The crowd was disappointed because he came to the surface without the boy.
Why was the crowd disappointed?
thorough
complete, accurate
assist
help
assistant
helper
calamity
a great misfortune
situation
1. location or position with reference to environment. 2. the state of affairs; combination of circumstances
enough of sth
adequate or sufficient amount for the nered o want
endanger
to expose sb to a dangerous situation
to hesitate
to wait
He missed his sight because he thought that with it he would have seen better in the muddy water.
What did Kondiba miss most and why?
expressions/sentences that describe tiredness.
panting heavily
He was the only hope for Arvind. He reasoned that Arvind could not vanish, he must be in the well
Why did Kondiba keep diving in the well?
half-eaten
an unfinished meal or snack
a phrasal verb
a simple verb combined with an adverb or a preposition or sometimes both to make a new verb with a meaning that is different from that of the simple verb
life must go on
life must continue
to push through
to continue
go off
when food expires or rots
to go by
to stop somewhere before going somewhere else. eg: I'll go by the house to see if she's there.
to fall back
to fall backwards
a fall back
someone or something to return to
go about
How should I go about finding a job?
run out
We have run out of fuel.
make up
When friends have a misunderstanding, they make up with each other.
go through
Go through the answers before you submit them.
fall through
The plan may fall through because he doesn't have enough money.
funds
money
shortage
not enough
2nd form of the verb (ed form)
we use the 2nd form of the verb to communicate in the past tense
came
Kondiba ____________ to Mumbai from Aurangabad to earn his living.
tried, failed
He _________ to sell brooms but he ________ to earn much.
realised
Soon he _________ that blind beggars could earn more.
started, hated
So, he _________ begging, though he _________ it.
earned
He _________ Rs. 5 to Rs. 6 everyday.
the past perfect tense
In the case of actions/events that were completed first we use this tense:
the past tense
In the case of actions/events that were completed later in the past we use this tense:
physical features
built, height, gait, complexion, facial features, forehead, eyes, nose, lips etc, hair, dress
nature
psychological attributes and values that the person upholds
a habit
something that a person or animal does habitually, often, usually
jolly
happy
to crack jokes
to make jokes
The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995
The law that holds the State responsible for the prevention of disabilities, protection of rights, provision of medical care, education, training, employment and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities.
a cassette
a compact case containing a length of magnetic tape that runs between two small reels: used for recording or playback in a tape recorder or cassette deck and by some small computer systems to store programs or data (before MP3 and digital recordings were invented)
circulate
to move in a circle or pass from place to place
Initially
In the beginning
varying
various
fulfill
complete
How
__________you get this idea?
How much time do you
_____________________spend every day to record the books?
do you charge
How much _____________________ for these cassettes?
did you help
How____________ these students to write their examination?
do you feel working
How _______________________for a social cause?
unique
one of a kind
underestimate
to estimate at too low a value
talent
a special natural ability or aptitude
capability
the quality of being capable
goal
objective
calm
without rough motion; still or nearly still
to rush
to do sth quickly
rescue
to free or deliver from confinement, violence, danger, or evil.