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someone with a physical disabilty
to skillfully and fairly judge sth
a story or account of sth in correct sequence
an individual's actions in response to sth
to give sth (money, time, knowledge, assisstance...) to a common goal
to be visually challenged
to have difficulty seeing
not enough food supply to a large geographical area leading to a starving population
a highly infectious disease characterised by pustular spots on the skins that leave scars
the name of a large hole dug, deep into the ground to allow access to water
earth made from disintegrated rock where plants can grow
formula for past perfect tense
subject + had + verb in 3rd form + object
The name of the tense we use subject + had + verb in 3rd form+ object
past perfect tense
a place of residence
if something is continually getting bigger, it is?
the total number of persons inhabiting a country is called the...?
of little width / not wide
the past perfect form of: he returns
he had returned
the past perfect form of: I prepare
I had prepared
to move the hands or feet around in shallow water - not swimming
the state or condition of having no money or means of support
to plunge into water head first with your arms in front of you
pots made of clay
to succeed in touching something from a distance
likely to slip away or escape
given a good idea of
crying out loud with deep sadness
he couldn't hold his breath much longer
he was about to run out of air
a synonym for the word boy
continued physical or emotional pain
the spinal or vertebral column
to do something with difficulty
he broke the surface
he came from under the surface of the water to above the surface of the water
to breathe air deeply and quickly
past tense of gasp
with love and kindness
full of thanks
in fact / in reality / in truth
a sack made of gunny
a strong coarse material made from jute
word soon began to spread about the beggar's courage
people started talking about Kondiba's bravery
to issue or reproduce writing for sale or distribution to the public. eg: newspapers, books, magazines, textbooks etc...
past tense of publish
to put sth into or seal sth into a bottle
to run something
to manage something / to be in charge of something
a fixed sense of purpose or intention
to express approval or gratification
will never have to
Kondiba had become blind from small-pox at the age of eight.
When and how did Kondiba become blind?
1. He could not make money selling goods. 2. He came to know that the beggars made money in Mumbai because the people there were generous to beggars, especially blind ones.Kondiba hated begging, but he had to beg.
Why did he start begging?
The people who lived in the surrounding huts had dug the well. 2. They had dug the well in 'Golibar', a slum colony in North-East Mumbai1.
Who had dug the well? 2. Where was it dug?
They had dug the well because the only water tap in the colony was not enough for the slum’s growing population.
Why was the well dug?
The mouth of the well had gradually widened as the soil and rocks on the sides fell in. The bottom was narrow, muddy and filled with weeds. It had become dangerous.
What had happened to the water in the well within two years?
One day while Kondiba was having food he heard a woman cry out that someone had fallen into the well.
What happened one day when Kondiba was having food?
Yes, we know this because in the story Kondiba eventually saves the Arvind. He dives down again and again to search for the boy but cannot find him. And each time he comes up he feels more and more tired. The people standing near the well feel disappointed each time Kondiba comes up without Arvind
. Do you think Kondiba continues to search for Arvind?
As soon as Kondiba heard that someone had fallen down the well he stopped eating and rushed to the edge of the well to see if he could help.
What did Kondiba do as soon as he heard that someone had fallen into the well?
Finish the sentence: When Kondiba reached the well he...
dived into the well to save Arvind.
He went into the well once but rose and dived 4 times before bringing Arvind to the surface.
How many times did Kondiba go into the well?
Each time Kondiba dived in it was more painful for him to hold his breath.
Was Kondiba's experience the same or different every time he went under the water?
The crowd was disappointed because he came to the surface without the boy.
Why was the crowd disappointed?
a great misfortune
1. location or position with reference to environment. 2. the state of affairs; combination of circumstances
enough of sth
adequate or sufficient amount for the nered o want
to expose sb to a dangerous situation
He missed his sight because he thought that with it he would have seen better in the muddy water.
What did Kondiba miss most and why?
expressions/sentences that describe tiredness.
He was the only hope for Arvind. He reasoned that Arvind could not vanish, he must be in the well
Why did Kondiba keep diving in the well?
an unfinished meal or snack
a phrasal verb
a simple verb combined with an adverb or a preposition or sometimes both to make a new verb with a meaning that is different from that of the simple verb
life must go on
life must continue
to push through
when food expires or rots
to go by
to stop somewhere before going somewhere else. eg: I'll go by the house to see if she's there.
to fall back
to fall backwards
a fall back
someone or something to return to
How should I go about finding a job?
We have run out of fuel.
When friends have a misunderstanding, they make up with each other.
Go through the answers before you submit them.
The plan may fall through because he doesn't have enough money.
2nd form of the verb (ed form)
we use the 2nd form of the verb to communicate in the past tense
Kondiba ____________ to Mumbai from Aurangabad to earn his living.
He _________ to sell brooms but he ________ to earn much.
Soon he _________ that blind beggars could earn more.
So, he _________ begging, though he _________ it.
He _________ Rs. 5 to Rs. 6 everyday.
the past perfect tense
In the case of actions/events that were completed first we use this tense:
the past tense
In the case of actions/events that were completed later in the past we use this tense:
built, height, gait, complexion, facial features, forehead, eyes, nose, lips etc, hair, dress
psychological attributes and values that the person upholds
something that a person or animal does habitually, often, usually
to crack jokes
to make jokes
The Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995
The law that holds the State responsible for the prevention of disabilities, protection of rights, provision of medical care, education, training, employment and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities.
a compact case containing a length of magnetic tape that runs between two small reels: used for recording or playback in a tape recorder or cassette deck and by some small computer systems to store programs or data (before MP3 and digital recordings were invented)
to move in a circle or pass from place to place
In the beginning
__________you get this idea?
How much time do you
_____________________spend every day to record the books?
do you charge
How much _____________________ for these cassettes?
did you help
How____________ these students to write their examination?
do you feel working
How _______________________for a social cause?
one of a kind
to estimate at too low a value
a special natural ability or aptitude
the quality of being capable
without rough motion; still or nearly still
to do sth quickly
to free or deliver from confinement, violence, danger, or evil.