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Hormones & Diabetes

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An endocrine gland: controls blood sugar levels using insulin and glucagon
Adrenal glands
An endocrine gland: Produce adrenaline to speed up the heart rate and speed up responses to stimuli
Pituitary gland
An endocrine gland: release anti-diuretic hormone (ADH) which conserves water in the body by making the kidneys produce more concentrated urine
Male endocrine glands: release testosterone which causes the development of male reproductive organs during puberty
Female endocrine glands: produce oestrogen which causes the development of female reproductive organs during puberty
Chemicals released by endocrine glands which regulate processes in the body
Target organ
An organ that responds to a certain hormone
A hormone released by the pancreas which reduces the blood sugar level by causing the liver to turn glucose into glycogen
A store of glucose in the liver
A hormone released by the pancreas which increases the blood sugar level by causing the liver to turn glycogen into glucose
A measurement that uses a person's weight and height to determine if they are of a healthy weight
Endocrine glands
Parts of the body which produce hormones
Type 1 diabetes
The pancreas doesn't produce enough (or any) insulin. Is controlled by injecting manufacture insulin to reduce the blood sugar level, and avoiding foods that contain lots of glucose
Type 2 diabetes
Either cells/target organs don't respond to insulin, or the person becomes immune to the effects of the hormone. Is controlled by eating a healthy diet, having regular exercise and losing weight. Some