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What is the relationship between memorization and chunking.
Memorization of key facts and equations provides the foundation for the creative process of chunking.
What is the key memory trick used by memory experts?
Experts make use of the naturally large visuospatial memorization abilities all humans have.
Once you are using a visual image to remember a key fact, how can you add additional neural hooks?
Add other senses to the visual image you have created. When you do that you are using more than just the visual part of the brain to remember.
Why make a memorable image to help remember a key item.
An image allows you to tap into the part of your brain with enhanced memory abilities, namely the right brain's visuospatial centers.
What is the memory palace technique?
With this technique you use the layout of a familiar place as a visual "notepad" on which to store the images of your key concepts
Why would memory "tricks" like the memory palace lead to enhanced creativity?
Because as a concept is memorized a larger part of the brain is already being accessed as the fun, visual image or metaphor is put together. The groundwork for connections across different areas of the brain is being laid. In addition, when you are thinking of memory tricks you are practicing the art of allowing thoughts to cross wide ranges of your brain, i.e. you are practicing creativity.
How can memorization lead to expertise?
If the material memorized is understood, then memorization helps create the large library of chunks needed for mastery.
What is working memory?
This is what you are immediately and consciously processing in your mind. It is lost easily and quickly.
How many chunks does working memory hold?
Four
What is long-term memory?
Can think of as the large, permanent warehouse of your brain. Once an item is there it is likely to stay there.
Why can it be hard to "find" something we thought we had placed in long-term memory?
An item placed in long-term memory needs to be revisited a few times after it is first moved to long-term memory to increase chances it can later be found.
What is spaced repetition?
Repetition of material that is spaced over time. It allows time for the synaptic connections to form and strengthen.
Why can you not think clearly when you haven't slept.
Toxins are flushed out of the brain while you sleep. When you don't get enough sleep the toxins build up.
What impact does sleep have on memory?
Trivial aspects of memories are erased and important aspects are strengthened. While sleeping your brain rehearses difficult parts of what you are trying to learn, thereby strengthening the synaptic connections.
What is the relationship between sleep and the diffuse mode.
Diffuse mode activtity takes place while we are sleeping. Sleep helps us find solutions to tough problems as well as meaning in what we are learning.
Metaphors are another memory technique. How do they increase understanding?
A metaphor is a way of realizing that one thing is similar to another. That allows the transfer of knowledge to a new context. Don't forget that a model essentially is a metaphor.
What is the relationship between Einstellung and metaphor?
Metaphor can be very helpful in getting people out of Einstellung.
How can memory tricks lead to expertise?
Memory tricks speed up the acquisition of chunks as well as the big-picture view. Memory tricks allow people to expand their working memory with easy access to their long-term memory.
What is the relationship between exercise and memory.
Exercise helps your neurons grow which allows your brain to make new connections.
Besides the memory palace and the creation of a visual image representing a concept, name one other memory "trick."
Create meaningful groups that simplify the material. Associate numbers with memorable events. Make memorable sentences with the first letter of each word in a list that needs to be memorized. It is even better if these sentences are funny, little stories. And even better yet if these funny, little stories have actions that go with them or can be sung to a known tune. Handwrite your class notes and flashcards. Talk to yourself as you are reviewing material.