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Independent System
a WHOLE event, n' k' plus NWB patterns
Conjunct System
PART of an event, -a, -an endings; WHY? WHICH? TO/THAT/WHEN.
Intransitive Verb
No more arguments (beyond the subject)
Transitive Verb
One more argument (the subject and the object)
k'namihôBA almos (TA)
YOUPL see a DOG (Transitive Animate), B-pattern
k'namito awighigan (TI)
YOU see a BOOK (Transitive Inanimate), B-pattern
k'namihôWÔ almos (TAd)
YOUPL see THE DOG (Transitive Animate definite), W-pattern
k'namitoN awighigan (TId)
YOU see the BOOK (Transitive Inanimate definite), N-pattern
Ditransitive Verb
Two more arguments (subject + indirect and direct; or in Algonquian terms, primary and secondary)
k'mili migwen (DTV)
YOU give ME a FEATHER (Ditransitive), B-pattern
k'milin migwen (DTVd)
YOU give ME the FEATHER (Ditransitive definite), N-pattern
N-pattern
Used if the thing Given is specific, like ni, na 'that...' or just understood as 'THE...'
B-pattern
Used if neither Givee nor thing Given is specific, this includes when there is no Givee or thing Given at all
W-pattern
Used if only the Givee (but not the thing Given) is specific, includes when there is no thing Given at all
Adverb (adv)
modifies a verb
Adjective (adj)
modifies a noun
Particle (PT)
a word that does not fit into the main parts of speech
Imperative (IMP)
form used to give an order, to give a warning or advice, and to make a request.
Emphatic (EMP)
A suffix (-tta or-da) which adds emphasis to a particle, verb or pronoun, such as "habitually, always a lot" or "really, exact, specific, precise"
Subjunctive (SBJ)
secondary verbs ending in -n, usually proceeded by "ni" expressing "so, therefore, then, and; that one may or might"