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verbs


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imbue
to fill someone or something with a particular feeling, quality, or idea
scamper
to run quickly and with small steps, like a child or a small animal
falter
(v.) to hesitate, stumble, lose courage; to speak hesitatingly; to lose drive, weaken, decline
ravage
(v.) to destroy, lay waste, ruin; (n.) ruinous damage, destruction
flub
to fail or make a mistake, especially when performing
nuzzle
to touch, rub, or press something or someone gently and/or in a way that shows your love, especially with the head or nose, usually with small repeated movements
snoop
to look around a place secretly, in order to discover things or find out information about someone or something
shore up
to stop a wall or a building from falling down by supporting it with building materials such as wood or metal
quibble
to argue about, or say you disapprove of, something that is not important
curtail
(v) cut short, cut back, cut down on, shorten the duration, trim, truncate, shrink
expunge
to rub off or remove information from a piece of writing
gulp
to eat or drink food or liquid quickly by swallowing it in large amounts, or to make a swallowing movement because of fear, surprise, or excitement
crumple up
to crush a piece of paper until all of it is folded
blare
to make an unpleasantly loud noise
straggle
(of an irregular group of people) move along slowly so as to remain some distance behind the person or people in front.
wallow
(especially of some animals) to lie or roll around slowly in deep, wet earth, sand, or water
deter
to prevent someone from doing something or to make someone less enthusiastic about doing something by making it difficult for that person to do it or by threatening bad results if they do it
stave off
to stop something bad from happening, or to keep an unwanted situation or person away, usually temporarily
bristle
(of hair) to stand up
defile
to spoil something or someone so that that thing or person is less beautiful or pure
constrict
to become tighter and narrower, or to make something become tighter and narrower
perch
to sit on or near the edge of something
denounce
to criticize something or someone strongly and publicly
despise
to feel a strong dislike for someone or something because you think that that person or thing is bad or has no value
refute
to say or prove that a person, statement, opinion, etc. is wrong or false
dupe
to deceive someone, usually by making that person do something that they did not intend to do
discombobulate
to confuse someone or make someone feel uncomfortable
taunt
to intentionally annoy and upset someone by making unkind remarks to them, laughing unkindly at them, etc.:
exalt
to raise someone to a higher rank or more powerful position
prevaricate
to avoid telling the truth or saying exactly what you think
drown
to (cause to) die by being unable to breathe underwater
deride
to laugh at someone or something in a way that shows you think they are stupid or of no value
flog
to beat someone very hard with a whip (= a long, thin piece of rope, leather, etc.) or a stick, as a punishment
ravish
to give great pleasure to someone. to force a woman to have sex against her wishes
dissemble
to hide your real intentions and feelings or the facts
entice
to persuade someone to do something by offering them something pleasant
slosh
(of a liquid) to move around noisily in the bottom of a container, or to cause liquid to move around in this way by making rough movements
shrivel
to become dry, smaller, and covered with lines as if by crushing or folding, or to make something do this:
goad
to make a person or an animal react or do something by continuously annoying or upsetting them
quell
to stop something, especially by using force
belch
to allow air from the stomach to come out noisily through the mouth
conceal
to prevent something from being seen or known about
scrawl
to write something quickly, without trying to make your writing tidy or easy to read
smudge
If ink, paint, etc. smudges or if someone smudges it, it becomes dirty or not clear because someone or something has touched it:
crease
If cloth, paper, etc. creases, or if you crease it, it gets a line in it where it has been folded or crushed
mend
to repair something that is broken or damaged
trample
to step heavily on something or someone, causing damage or injury
reek
to have a strong unpleasant smell
evict
to force someone to leave somewhere
gambol
to run and jump in a happy way
flit
to fly or move quickly and lightly
caper
to run and jump about in an energetic, happy way
clamor
to make a loud complaint or demand
bellow
to shout in a loud voice, or (of a cow or large animal) to make a loud, deep sound
relish
to like or enjoy something
instill
introduce gradually into someone's mind
eavesdrop
to listen to someone's private conversation without them knowing
foster
to encourage the development or growth of ideas or feelings
crochet
to make clothes and other things using wool and a special needle with a hook (= curve) at one end
rectify
to correct something or make something right
replenish
to fill something up again
snivel
to cry slightly in a way that is weak and does not make other people feel sympathy for you
bedevil
to confuse, annoy, or cause problems or difficulties for someone or something
disembowel
to remove the stomach and bowels from a dead animal, or to kill a person in this way, especially in the past as a punishment
flap
to wave something, especially wings when or as if flying
quail
to draw back in fear
gild
to cover a surface with a thin layer of gold or a substance that looks like gold
recur
to happen many times or to happen again
repudiate
to refuse to accept something or someone as true, good, or reasonable
collate
to bring together different pieces of written information so that the similarities and differences can be seen
supersede
to replace something, especially something older or more old-fashioned
toil
to work hard
Incur
Bring upon oneself
scrounge
to get things, especially money or food, by asking for them instead of buying them or working for them
halt
to (cause to) stop moving or doing something or happening
nudge
to push something or someone gently, especially to push someone with your elbow to attract the person's attention
earmark
to keep or intend something for a particular purpose
dabble
to take a slight and not very serious interest in a subject, or try a particular activity for a short period
hurl
to throw something with a lot of force, usually in an angry or violent way
consort
to spend a lot of time in the company of a particular group of people, especially people whose character is not approved of
beget
to be the father of
endure
to suffer something difficult, unpleasant, or painful
wince
to show pain or embarrassment suddenly and for a short time in the face, often moving the head back at the same time
clasp
to hold someone or something firmly in your hands or arms
scuffle
to have a sudden short fight
chastise
to punish or criticize someone strongly
circumcise
to cut the protecting loose skin off a boy's or man's penis, for medical, traditional, or religious reasons
elicit
to get or produce something, especially information or a reaction
daunt
to make someone feel slightly frightened or worried about their ability to achieve something
blather
to talk for a long time in a silly or annoying way
reciprocate
to share the same feelings as someone else, or to behave in the same way as someone else
consummate
to make a marriage or romantic relationship complete by having sex
jostle
to knock or push roughly against someone in order to move past them or get more space when you are in a crowd of people
tug
to pull something quickly and usually with a lot of force
cadge
Persuade to give you something for free
persecute
to treat someone unfairly or cruelly over a long period of time because of their race, religion, or political beliefs, or to annoy someone by refusing to leave them alone
debase
to reduce the quality or value of something
magnify
to make something look larger than it is, especially by looking at it through a lens
ascribe
(something to someone/something) to consider something to be caused, created, or owned by someone or something
reconnoiter
(of soldiers or military aircraft) to get information about an area or the size and position of enemy forces
delve
(into something) to search in order to find a thing or information
shirk
to avoid work, duties, or responsibilities, especially if they are difficult or unpleasant
grovel
to behave with too much respect towards someone to show that you are very eager to please them
writhe
to make large twisting movements with the body
loiter
to move slowly around or stand in a public place without an obvious reason
vanquish
to defeat an enemy or opponent, especially in war
extricate
to remove something or set something free with difficulty
tread
to put your foot on something or to press something down with your foot
encroach
(on/upon smth) to take control or possession of something in a gradual way and often without being noticed
enshrine
to contain or keep something as if in a holy place
infringe
to break a rule, law, etc
hurtle
to move very fast, especially in a way that seems dangerous
shackle
If you are shackled by something, it prevents you from doing what you want to do
beseech
to ask for something in a way that shows you need it very much
pilfer
to steal things of small value
wail
to make a long, high cry, usually because of pain or sadness
harangue
to speak to someone or a group of people, often for a long time, in a forceful and sometimes angry way, especially to persuade them
hunch
to lean forward with your shoulders raised or to bend your back and shoulders into a rounded shape
confer
to exchange ideas on a particular subject, often in order to reach a decision on what action to take
besiege
to surround a place, especially with an army, to prevent people or supplies getting in or out
lull
to cause someone to feel calm or to feel that they want to sleep
execrate
to have or show feelings of hate towards someone or something
impair
to spoil something or make it weaker so that it is less effective
plunder
to steal goods violently from a place, especially during a war
infer
to form an opinion or guess that something is true because of the information that you have
ossify
If habits or ideas ossify, or if something ossifies them, they become fixed and unable to change
vilify
to say or write unpleasant things about someone or something, in order to cause other people to have a bad opinion of them
wheedle
to try to persuade someone to do something or give you something by praising them or being intentionally charming
shamble
to walk slowly and awkwardly, without lifting your feet correctly
lessen
If something lessens or is lessened, it becomes less strong
exult
to express great pleasure or happiness, especially at someone else's defeat or failure
relinquish
to give up something such as a responsibility or claim
drench
to make someone or something extremely wet
admonish
to tell someone that they have done something wrong
pelt
to throw a number of things quickly at someone or something
slither
to move easily and quickly across a surface while twisting or curving
pervade
When qualities, characteristics, or smells pervade a place or thing, they spread through it and are present in every part of it