Level 2
Level 1

Area of Study 1: Handel: 'And the Glory of the Lor


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affection
the mood of a piece of music. It was customary in Baroque music for a single mood to prevail in a movement
diatonic
notes or chords belonging to or literally 'of the key'
homophonic
a musical texture comprising a melody part and accompaniment
melodic
refers to the melody line
monophonic
a musical texture of a single melody line and sounding together
polyphonic
a musical texture featuring two or more parts, each having a melody line and sounding together
oratorio
large-scale musical setting for chorus, soloists and orchestra of a biblical text
libretto
the text/words of a musical work
aria
a solo vocal piece with instrumental accompaniment
recitative
a style used in operas, oratorios and cantatas in which the text is 'declaimed' in the rhythm of natural speech
dominant
fifth note of the scale or key
cadence
two chord at the end of a musical phrase
harmonic rhythm
the number of times the chords change per bar
hemiola
in triple time, this is a harmonic device often used towards a cadence point, in which notes are grouped in two beat units
imitative
literally separate parts copying or imitating each other
modulating
when the music changes key
pedal
a sustained note usually in the lowest bass. In the middle of a musical texture it is called an inner pedal and if at the top, an inverted pedal
perfect cadence
chord V followed by chord I
pitch
how high or low a note sounds
plagal cadence
chord IV followed by chord I
tonic
the first degree of a scale, the keynote