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Area of Study 1: Mozart: 1st movement from Symphon


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sonata form
a large-scale form invented in the Classical era comprising three sections - exposition, development and recapitulation
symphony
a large-scale genre for orchestra in three or four movements. Sonata form was often used for the first and last movements in symphonies
minuet and trio
a ternary form structure, performed as minuet-trio-minuet. The minuet is a stately dance in triple time and the contrasting middle section (trio) usually features a reduction in instrumental parts. Often used as the third movement in a Classical symphony
rondo
Classical form comprising a series of rondo sections interspersed with contrasting episodes. The simple rondo was structured as ABACA, where A is the rondo theme, and B and C are the episodes
sinfonia
an Italian form in origin, these were works in three sections for strings and continuo
tempo
speed of the music
ternary
a three-part structure in ABA form in which the opening section is repeated and section B provides contrast
theme and variations
a theme (melody) followed by a series of variations on the original theme
bridge passage
a linking passage often used to change the key of the music (modulate) in preparation for the second subject
first subject
the first theme or melody
second subject
the second theme or melody
texture
the number of parts in a piece of music and how they relate to one another
augmentation
doubling (or more) of the original note values
chromatically
moving by semitones up or down
pathétique
literally 'pathetic', refers to a melancholy mood
semitone
half a tone - the distance between a white note and an adjacent black note on a keyboard