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Area of Study 2: Schoenberg: 'Peripetie'


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chromaticism
music based on the chromatic scale, relating to chords or harmonies based on non-harmonic tones
impressionist
a style of music that seeks to describe a feeling or experience rather than achieve accurate depiction
atonal
absence of tonality (key)
Klangfarbenmelodie
literally 'tone colour melody', a word used to describe how timbre contributes to melody in addition to pitch and rhythm
complement
the six semitones not used in the first hexachord
hexachord
a group of six notes selected from the 12 available pitches that are used as a musical motif chord
principal voice
the main melodic line
secondary voice
the next most important melodic line after the principal voice
prime row
the musical material on which a piece of serial music is based, normally consisting of the 12 notes of the chromatic scale in an order set by the composer
serialism
a compositional technique invented by Schoenberg and used by many composers of the 20th century
inversion
process of turning a part upside down, so that a mirror image is created to the original
retrograde
a method of developing a series by reversing the order in which the pitches are heard
retrograde inversion
a method of developing a series by reversing the order in which the pitches of the inverted series are heard
enharmonic
different ways of 'spelling' the same pitch, for example B♭ and A♯