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Area of Study 3: Miles Davis: 'All Blues' from Kin


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ragtime
music characterized by a syncopated melodic line and regularly accented accompaniment
blue note
a 'bent' note between the minor and major third
New Orleans Jazz
one of the first recognised jazz styles, originating in New Orleans
bebop
a jazz style requiring virtuosic technique, including fast tempos and complex harmonies
big band
a jazz style popular in the 1920s and 1930s in which the pieces were generally written for a large ensemble to be played in dance halls
swing
a development of big band jazz. The term is also used to describe a particular type of rhythmic 'groove' desirable in jazz music
changes
the chord sequence in a jazz song
head
the main melody of a jazz song, generally played at the beginning of the song
modal jazz
a jazz style in which the soloists base their solos on modes instead of the chord changes
chromatic
music in which notes are used that are not in the key of the piece
comping
an abbreviation of 'accompanying'
frontline
the solo instruments in a jazz ensemble
mordent
ornament in which the written note is played followed by the note above and the written note again
trill
rapidly alternating between two notes
voicings
a term used to describe various ways of ordering the notes in a chord from lowest to highest
chord substitution
replacing one chord with another
turnaround
a short chord pattern at the end of a sequence signalling the return to the beginning of the sequence
altered chord
a chord in which one of the notes has been sharpened or flattened to become a chromatic note
extended chord
a chord in which diatonic notes other than the seventh have been added to the original triad