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Cells


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Nucleus
Controls what the cell does
Cytoplasm
Jelly-like area where all the chemical reactions take place
Cell Membrane
Thin skin around the cell, holds cell together and also controls what goes in and out
Cell Wall
A rigid coating made of cellulose, giving support to the cell ONLY FOUND IN PLANT CELLS
Vacuole
A large area in the centre of the cell filled with cell sap - a dilute solution of sugar and salts ONLY FOUND IN PLANT CELLS
Chloroplasts
These contain chlorophyll, the substance which plants use in photosynthesis. ONLY FOUND IN PLANT CELLS
Sperm Cell
Designed to fertilise egg cells
Ovum (Egg Cell)
Designed to be fertilised by sperm cell
Chromosomes
Genetic information from the father and mother to be passed on to the offspring, found in the nuclei of sperm and ovum cells
Sperm cell enzymes
Allow sperm to digest its way through egg membranes in order to fertilise the egg
Yolk
Food store needed for the developing young organism once an ovum has been fertilised by the sperm
Palisade Cell
Plant cell found in the leaves, highly specialised for maximum photosynthesis, with a large surface area.
Cilia Cell
Lines all the air passages in your lungs, designed to stop lung damage
Cilia
Tiny hairs found on the cells that line the air passages, filter the air and sweep mucus up the back of the throat, where it is swallowed.
Mucus
A snotty substance that traps dust and bacteria. It is swept by cilia out of the lungs and into the throat where it is swallowed.
Goblet Cell
Makes mucus in the lungs and is surrounded by cilia cells.
Root Hair Cell
It has a thin membrane and large surface area to help absorption from the soil
Daughter cells
Pair of cells produced during mitosis that are identical to parent cell.