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(adj) existing or available in large quantities: The country has an abundant supply of fossil fuels.
(adj) enough, and often more than you need: There is ample evidence to prove his guilt.
(n) a place on the surface of something such as a part of your body: Be sure to apply sunblock to sensitive areas of your skin.
(n) the amount of space that the surface of a place or shape covers: The surface area of the screen should be at least one square metre.
(adj) around a usual or ordinary level or standard: He's about average height.
(adj) not very good: It was a decidedly average performance.
(adj) calculated by adding a group of numbers together and dividing the total by the amount of numbers: The winds had an average speed of 15 miles per hour.
(n) the amount, level, standard, etc that is typical of a group of people or things: Incomes here are nowhere near the national average.
(n) an amount that is calculated by adding several numbers together and dividing the total by the original number of things you added together: Add 20, 10 and 30 and find the average.
(n) a number of things or people that arrive or are dealt with at the same time: This new batch of students seems very nice.
(v) to group things together: Let's batch these envelopes into piles of 100.
(n) something that is very large, wide and solid: We looked up at the great dark bulk of the cathedral.
(n) the majority or largest part of something: Women still undertake the bulk of domestic work in the home.
(n) if something is bought or sold in bulk, it is bought or sold in large quantities: Supermarkets only buy produce in bulk.
(adj) large in size, amount or degree: She made a considerable amount of money.
(adj) ver y many, especially more than you think is reasonable: She's made countless television appearances.
(n) a part of a situation, especially when it influences the way you think about the situation: Doing voluntary work has added a whole new dimension to my life.
(n) length, height or width: A hologram represents an object in three dimensions.
(v) to become less: The intensity of the sound diminished gradually.
(v) to make something become less: The delay may well have diminished the impact of their campaign.
(n) a statement in mathematics that two sets of numbers or expressions are equal: Solve the equation 5x- 3 = 27.
(n) all the different aspects that you have to consider in a situation: In a choice between the use of rail and car, the question of cost will come into the equation.
(adj) at the same distance from two places: The port is conveniently equidistant from the two major manufacturing centres.
(v) to become or make larger in size and fill more space: The water froze inside the pipe, causing it to expand and burst.
(n) the importance of a problem or situation: We were shocked by the extent of the damage.
(n) the degree to which something happens or is likely to happen: The extent to which your diet is successful depends on your willpower.
(n) the size or area of something: Open the table to its fullest extent.
(adj) existing only in limited numbers or amounts or continuing only for a limited time or distance: The world's finite resources must be used wisely.
(n) physical strength or violence: They accused the police of using excessive force during the arrest.
(n) the influence or powerful effect that someone has: We have convinced people by the force of our argument.
(n) a power that makes an object move or changes the way it moves: It fell because of the force of gravity.
(v) to make someone do something that they do not want to do, for example by using or threatening to use violence: He claims that police officers forced him to sign a confession.
(v) to use physical force to move something in a particular direction: She forced the package through the slot.
(n) a small part or amount of something: His shares are now worth a fraction of their former value.
(n) a division or part of a whole number, for example 112 or 3/4: 0.5 can also be written as a fraction: 1/2.
(n) a large pile of something, especially an untidy pile: His clothes were in a crumpled heap on the floor.
(v) to make a big untidy pile of things: Bundles of clothing were heaped on the floor.
(n) a situation in which the balance between two things is not equal or fair: There's an increasing social imbalance in recruitment to higher education.
(adj) extremely large: An immense amount of money has already been spent on the project.
(n) strength: The cross-examination increased in intensity.
(n) great size, importance or effect: We hadn't grasped the magnitude of the task we were facing.
(adj) important, serious, large or great: Age is a major factor affecting chances of employment.
(n) a large quantity or number: There's a mass of competing antivirus programs you can choose from.
(n) the amount of physical matter an object contains: This rock has a mass of 1 kg.
(adj) smaller or less than you want or need: There was only a meagre food supply.
(adj) not very important in comparison with people or things of the same type: Some minor changes may be necessary.
(adj) very small: The soil contained minute quantities of uranium.
(adj) involving or consisting of many people, things or parts: Words can have multiple meanings.
(n) a number that you can divide by a smaller number an exact number of times: 12 is a multiple of four.
(n) a quantity of something that is a part or share of the whole: Only a small proportion of graduates fail to find employment.
(v) to measure or describe something as a quantity: The benefits are difficult to quantify.
(n) the number of times something happens, or the number of examples of something within a particular period of time: There's been a dramatic fall in the city's crime rate.
(n) the speed at which something happens within a particular period of time: The population was growing at an alarming rate.
(v) to consider that someone or something has a particular quality or has achieved a particular standard or level: In a recent poll, the environment is rated as the number one issue by 30% of the voters.
(n) a relationship between two things expressed as two numbers or amounts: The ratio of expenditure to revenue was an alarming 4:1.
(n) a limited amount of something, especially food, that you are allowed to have, for example when there is not much available or when someone else is controlling it: There's a ration of two eggs per person.
(v) to control the supply of something such as food so that people are allowed only a fixed amount: During the strike, petrol had to be rationed.
(v) to become or make something smaller in size: Do you think this dress will shrink if I handwash it?
(adj) as much as is needed: Bedside lighting alone is not sufficient for most bedrooms.
(n) an amount of money: He was fined a sum of £1,000.
(n) a simple calculation: John's just starting to do sums at school.
(adj) not regular in terms of size, length, quality or quantity: The economy has prospered, but growth has been uneven.
(adj) extremely large: We found ourselves on a vast empty plain.
(n) an amount of something: The total volume of trade has reached £800 million.
(n) the amount of space something takes or can be filled with: The petrol tank has a volume of over 20 gallons.
(adj) happening or existing in many places, or affecting many people: The project has received widespread public support.