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(n) someone you know a little, who is not a close friend: He's not really a friend, more of an acquaintance.
(v) to decide to start using a particular idea, plan or method: I adopted the method the coach showed me and I played far better.
(v) to take someone else's child into your family and legally make him or her your own child: After two years in a children's home, Adam was adopted by a very nice young couple.
(n) someone who is related to you who lived a long time ago: My ancestors all came from the same part of China.
(n) someone who has the right to live permanently in a particular country and has the right to the legal and social benefits of that country as well as legal obligations towards it: The man took out his passport to prove he was an American citizen.
(n) someone who is with you: The prize is a holiday for you and a companion.
(n) a child or other relative to whom you give food, money and a home: I couldn't believe it when I heard how many dependants he's got.
(n) a relative of a person who lived in the past: Did I tell you that I'm a descendant of Lord Byron?
(v) to understand how someone feels because you can imagine what it is like to be them: I've had a similar experience, so I can empathise.
(n) someone who is very confident, lively and likes social situations: Michelle is such an extrovert and loves meeting new people.
(v) to look after a child as part of your family for a period of time because the child's parents cannot look after them: My parents have fostered lots of children over the years.
(n) someone who is legally responsible for another person such as a child, whose parents have died: You need to get the form signed by a parent or guardian.
(n) someone who tends to concentrate on their own thoughts and feelings rather than communicating with other people: I'm more of an introvert and prefer to spend time on my own.
(n) someone that you do a particular activity with: Nadine and I are partners at tennis sometimes.
(n) someone that you live with and have a sexual relationship with: The invitation is for me and my partner.
(n) someone who is of the same age as another person: What your peers think of you can be very important.
(n) the person who had a job or official position before someone else: I hope to avoid making my predecessor's mistakes.
(n) your siblings are your brothers and sisters: The elder sibling in a family is often more successful in his or her career.
(n) a husband or wife: Each spouse is responsible for paying their own income tax.
(n) someone who has a position after someone else: I hope my successor enjoys the job as much as I have.
(v) to behave in a kind way and show that you understand someone's problems: Why can't you sympathise with people, instead of blaming them for their problems?