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Civil service
(n phr) a country's government departments and the people who work in them: How long have you worked for the civil service'
(n) someone who pays for or uses the services of a professional person such as a doctor or lawyer: She advises clients on their investments
(n) someone who works in the same organisation or department as you: Friends and colleagues will remember him with affection.
(n) an expert or a professional person whose job is to give help and advice on a particular subject: She's a design consultant.
(n) a senior doctor in a hospital who is an expert in a particular medical subject: She's a consultant cardiologist.
(adj) someone or something that is effective works well and produces the result that was intended: Humour is often far more effective than shouting.
(adj) someone or something that is efficient works well and produces good results by using the available time, money, supplies, etc in the most effective way: The new machine is far more efficient than the old one.
(n) a senior manager in a business or other organisation: We've arranged a meeting with some of the company's top executives.
(v) to make someone leave their job, sometimes as a punishment: She was fired for refusing to comply with safety regulations.
(v) to try to persuade someone to leave their job and go to work for another company: He was headhunted by a large electronics company.
(n) a period of time away from your job or the armed forces: Tony, who had been granted leave, was home for several weeks.
(n) the ways in which a company encourages people to buy its products by deciding on price, type of customer and advertising policy: Jim, come and meet the firm's new director of marketing.
(n) a large company that has offices, shops or factories in several countries: My uncle works for a large multinational.
(adj) a multinational company or business has offices, shops or factories in several countries: My uncle works for a large multinational corporation.
Private sector
(n phr) all the businesses, industries and services that are not owned or managed by the government: There is less job security in the private sector.
(n) a move to a higher level in a company, institution or sport: We try to fill our executive positions by promotion from within.
(n) the activity of encouraging or supporting something: The campaign is concerned with the promotion of health.
(n) the process of attracting people's attention to a product or event, for example by advertising: The government's planning to introduce a ban on the promotion of tobacco products.
(n pi) the possibility that something will happen, especially something good: The prospects for employment in the technology sector are especially good right now.
Public sector
(n phr) the industries and services, for example schools and hospitals that are supported by tax money and controlled by the government of a country: The typical member of Parliament has worked elsewhere in the public sector.
(n) a new member of a military force or an organisation, especially someone who has recently joined: She's responsible for training new recruits.
(v) to get someone to work in a company or join an organisation: We won't be recruiting again until next year.
(v) to get someone to help you do something: The club has recruited volunteers to help.
(adj) if someone is redundant, they have been told they must leave their job because they are no longer needed: Five thousand miners were made redundant when the tin market collapsed.
(v) to tell someone they can no longer work at their job: He was sacked after repeatedly arriving late at work.
(n) a period of time during which people refuse to work, as a protest about pay or conditions of work: A strike by transport workers was held on 12th August.
(v) to refuse to work for a period of time as a protest about your pay or conditions of work: Pilots were striking for a 6% salary increase.
(n) an organisation that represents the workers in a particular industry and tries to improve pay, conditions, etc.: We encourage all employees to join a union.