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Anatomic Terms Related to Joints and Muscles


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articulation
a joint; the point where two bones come together
bursa
a fibrous sac between certain tendons and bones that is lined with a synovial membrane that secretes synovial fluid
disk, disc
a flat, plate-like structure composed of fibrocartilaginous tissue between the vertebrae that reduces friction
nucleus pulposus
the soft, fibrocartilaginous, central portion of intervertebral disk
ligament
a flexible band of fibrous tissue that connects bone to bone
synovial membrane
membrane lining the capsule of a joint
synovial fluid
joint-lubricating fluid secreted by the synovial membrane
muscle
tissue composed of fibers that can contract, causing movement of an organ or part of the body
striated muscle
voluntary muscle attached to the skeleton
skeletal muscle
voluntary muscle attached to the skeleton
smooth muscle
involuntary muscle found in internal organs
cardiac muscle
muscle of the heart
origin of a muscle
muscle end attached to the bone that does not move when the muscle contracts
insertion of a muscle
muscle end attached to the bone that moves when the muscle contracts
tendon
a band of fibrous tissue that connects muscle to bone
fascia
a band or sheet of fibrous connective tissue that covers, supports, and separates muscle