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Diagnostic Tests and Procedures


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electromyogram (EMG)
a neurodiagnostic, graphic record of the electrical activity of muscle both at rest and during contraction; used to diagnose neuromusculoskeletal disorders (e.g. muscular dystrophy); usually performed
magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
a nonionizing (no x-ray) imaging technique using magnetic fields and radiofrequency waves to visualize anatomic structures; useful in orthopedic studies to detect joint, tendon, and vertebral disk dis
nuclear medicine imaging
an ionizing imaging technique using radioactive isotopes
radionuclide organ imaging
an ionizing imaging technique using radioactive isotopes
bone scan
a nuclear scan (radionuclide image) of bone tissue to detect a tumor, malignancy, etc.
radiography
an imaging modality using x-rays (ionizing radiation); commonly used in orthopedics to visualize the extremities, ribs, back, shoulders, and joints
arthrogram
a radiograph of a joint taken after the injection of a contrast medium
computed tomography (CT)
a specialized x-ray procedure producing a series of cross-sectional images that are processed by a computer into a two- or three-dimensional image
computed axial tomography (CAT)
a specialized x-ray procedure producing a series of cross-sectional images that are processed by a computer into a two- or three-dimensional image
sonography
ultrasound imaging; a nonionizing technique that is useful in orthopedics to visualize muscles, ligaments, displacements, and dislocations or to guide a therapeutic intervention, such as that performe