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Level 2

Pharmacology Crash Course 2


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Solution
Solute dissolved in water
Tincture
Alcohol extract
Suspension
Solution that will seperate, shake before use
Lotion
External application
Fluid Extract
Dissolved substance
Spirits
Dissolved in water
Syrups
Sugar and water added
Elixir
Syrups with alcohol added
Milk
Aqueous solutions
Emulsion
One liquid in another
Ampule
A single dose glass container
Vial
A multiple dose glass container with a rubber stopper
Indication
Condition for which the drug is recommended and proven of value.
Contraindication
A situation that prohibits the use of a drug.
Depressant
Lessens the activity of the body or body part.
Stimulant
Increases the activity of the body or body part
Physiologic Action
Drug given in normal body concentration
Therapeutic Action
Beneficial action of a drug.
Side Effect
Unavoidable, undesired effect
Untoward Reaction
Harmful side effect
Irritation
Produces slight damage to tissues
Agonist
Substance that produces a predicted response
Antagonism
Opposition of 2 or more drugs
Synergism
The combined action of 2 drugs is stronger than the effects of either one
Idiosyncrasy
Unusual, different, individual reaction.
Tolerance
larger doses may be required to achieve therapeutic effects over time