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Basic Sanskrit Terminology


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union, connection, relationship
yoga
thread, aphorism
sutra
seal, gesture
mudra
force, joining of sun and moon
hatha
personal God
Isvara
pain, suffering
duhkha
asana
seat
sun
surya
angle
kona
revolved
Parivrtta
bind, lock
bandha
stomach
jathara
ear
karna
face/mouth
mukha
head
sirsa
foot/leg
pada
jaw
hanu
womb
garbha
cheek/side of face
ganda
big toe/thumb
angustha
arm
bhuja
revolving
parivartana
side
parsva
back, behind, West
pascima
spread
prasarita
front, East
purva
oblique
tiryan
supine
supta
seated
upavista
upward
urdhva
out-stretching
uttana
bound
baddha
staff, pole
danda
action, work
kriya
downward
adho
moon
candra
bow
dhanur
standing
sthiti
hand
hasta
knee
janu
limb
anga
fire
agni
eternal
ananta
four
chatur
tail feather
pincha
practice
abhyasa
non-duality
advaita
ego
ahankara
support
alamba
bliss
ananda
soul
Atman
devotion
bhakti
intention
chavana
earth
bhumi
treatment
cikitsa
pure consciousness (without gunas)
cit
conditioned consciousness (with gunas); comprised of buddhi, ahamkara and manas. It includes of subconscious mind and the full flow of sonciousness
citta
deva
God
devi
Goddess
one-pointedness
ekagrata
heart
hrdaya
left nadi
ida
sense-organ
indriya
individual self enshrined in the human body
jivatman
knowledge
jnana
knot
kanda
action
karma
praising
kirtana
light weight
laghu
middle
madhya
garland
mala
circle
mandala
sacred sound
mantra
liberated
mukta
mula
root
sage
muni
channel through which energy travels
nadi
snake, serpent
naga
restraint, cessation, stilling
nirodha
strength of prana
ojas
lotus
padma
supreme Self
paramatman
transformation
parinama
entire
paripurna
right nadi
pingala
worshipful celebration
puja
form
rupa
same
sama
all
sarva
central nadi
shushumna
one's true nature
svarupa
brilliance and heat of prana
tejas
both
ubhaya
non-attached awareness
vairagya
tendency
vasana
wind
vayu
strength
virya
fluctuation
vrtti
visual geometrical pattern
yantra
science of life
Ayurveda
source of wisdom, discriminative discernment, one of the three components of citta
buddhi
wheel
chakra
ego, one of the three components of citta
ahamkara
stability of vision
dhrik sthiti
karmic knots
granthi
strand
guna
lamp of knowledge
jana diptir
sum of all karms accumulated over multiple lifetimes
karma asaya
dormant life force
kundalini
mind; one of the components of citta
manas
coordination of breath and movement
vinyasa