Level 25 Level 27
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Agreed with Marx that the ownership of property and capital were important dimensions of privilege in society but he argued that social inequality is a product of • Class (marketability) • Status (how society views you) • Party (how much political power you possess)
“Negatively privileged status groups”. Argues the ethnic majority use social closure to keep ethnic minorities out of positions of authority; they face a concrete ceiling.
Barron & Norris
Dual Labour Market Theory: Primary sector – good working conditions, well paid, work place benefits e.g. pensions. Secondary sector – poor conditions, low pay, lack of benefits. Ethnic minorities more likely to be found in the secondary labour market.
Rex & Tomlinson
Experiencing both class and status inequality can lead to poverty and therefore some ethnic minorities may be more likely to be found in the underclass. Believe that a black underclass has been created of people who feel marginalised, alienated and frustrated.