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Level 1

Anatomical Terms of Location


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anterior
In front of; front.
posterior
After, behind, following, toward the rear.
distal
Away from, farther from the origin.
proximal
Near, closer to the origin.
dorsal
Near the upper surface, toward the back.
ventral
Toward the bottom, toward the belly.
superior
Above, over.
inferior
Below, under.
interior
Situated within or inside; relating to the inside, inner.
exterior
The outer surface or structure of something.
lateral
Toward the side, away from the mid-line.
medial
Toward the mid-line, middle, away from the side.
cranial
Toward the head (cranium).
rostral
Toward the front (esp. in the region of the nose and mouth)
caudal
Toward the back, toward the tail.
lateral plane (or sagittal plane)
Imagine a vertical plane that runs through your body from front to back or back to front. This plane divides the body into right and left regions.
transverse plane
A horizontal plane passing through the standing body so that it's parallel to the floor. Imagine a horizontal plane that runs through the midsection of your body. This plane divides the body into upper (superior) and lower (inferior) regions.
coronal plane (or frontal plane)
Imagine a vertical plane that runs through the center of your body from side to side. This plane divides the body into front (anterior) and back (posterior) regions.