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greatest common factor
The greatest factor that two or more numbers share.
least common multiple
The smallest multiple (other than zero) that two or more numbers have in common.
A diagram that shows the prime factorization of a composite number., A diagram showing the prime factorization of a number. The factors branch out from the previous factors until all of the factors are prime numbers.
Multiplying a sum by a number is the same as multiplying each term by the number and then adding (or subtracting ) the products.
3 + 2 = 2 + 3
(1 + 2) + 3 = 1 + (2 + 3)
A mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself
order of operations
The rules for calculating a maths question containing mixed operations, such as 14 - 2 x 4 + 12
Breaking down a composite number until all of the factors are prime
A composite number expressed as a product of prime numbers.
a number with more than two factors.