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Prime number

A number that can only be divided by 1 and itself. The numbers left at the bottom of the tree

Composite number

a number with more than two factors.

multiple

Answers to the Times Tables (eg: Multiples of 3 are: 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 etc.)

factors

the numbers being multiplied

monomial

a number or a product of numbers and variables with exponents that are whole numbers

prime factorization

Breaking down a composite number until all of the factors are prime

factor tree

A diagram that shows the prime factorization of a composite number., A diagram showing the prime factorization of a number. The factors branch out from the previous factors until all of the factors are prime numbers.

common factor

a number that is a factor of two or more numbers

greatest common factor (GCF)

of two more numbers, the common factor that is greater than any other common factor

relatively prime

When the GCF of two numbers is one

equivalent fractions

fractions that have the same value

simplest form

a fraction that is in lowest terms

common multiple

A number that is a multiple of two or more numbers

least common multiple (LCM)

a multiple that is shared between two or more numbers that is lower than all the other common multiples

Least Common Denominator (LCD)

The least common denominator (LCD) of two or more fractions is the least common multiple (LCM) of the denominators of the fractions.

Scientific notation

where a number is written into 2 parts first just the digits (with decimal point after first digit) followed by ×10 to a power