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French Revolution, Napoleon & Congress of Vienna

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First Estate
Churchman or clergy
Second Estate
The second class of French society made up of the noblility
Third Estate
Bourgeoisies, middle class, peasants
Middle Class, merchants, doctors, lawyers, teachers
middle class of third estate; paid low wages; often went hungry
A poor farmer of low social status who owns or rents a small pieve of land for cultivation
King Louis XVI
The king of France during the revolution.
Marie Antoinette
Louis XVI's wife, thought to have said "Let them eat cake"
Estates- General
the legislative body before the French Revolution, made up of representatives from the Three Estates whose original purpose was to give advice to the kind and approve new taxes
This enormous, ostentatious monument to the power of the French Monarchy, built by Louis XIV over a long period of time, served as a manifestation of the power of absolute monarchy. Meant to impress…
National Assembly
renamed from 3rd estate
Tennis Court Oath
Oath between the members of the Third Estate in which they promised to continue to meet until a new constitution was established.
symbolic start to revolution on July 14th 1789, stormed Bastille for weapons
Great Fear
During the French Revolution, a period filled with rumors about the nobility ganging up on the peasants. This resulted in massive attacks on noble estates. Led to the aristocrats renouncing their feudal rights.
Declaration of the rights of man
French Document inspired by many other constitutions- attempt to institute equality- inspired by the French revolution
Olympe de Gouges
Wrote The Rights of Women in 1791, in which she argued that women should have the right to be educated, to control their own property, and to initiate divorce. Didn't demand full rights for women, however.
nobles, clergy and others who fled France during the revolution.
Those who do not wear fancy pants. A rather radical part of the French Revolution.
French political club that was represented in the National Assembly. Most popular club during the revolution. Wanted to execute the king, a powerful centralized government.
Jean Paul Marat
Radical revolutionary leader who published "The Friend of the People" and promoted violence as a way to achieve the aims of the revolution. He was confined to a medicinal bath where he was eventually murdered by Charlotte Corday.
Georges Danton
lawyer, fought for poor, Jacobin, killed
A machine used to behead people; it was suppose to make death quick and painless
Maximilien Robespierre
led raid of terror and committee of public safety
Committee of Public Safety
Created by the Convention during the Reign of Terror. Assumed almost dictatorial power of France. Leaders include Danton, Carnot, and Robsepierre (Jacobins).
Reign of Terror
the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed
A group of 5 men who were given control of France following the Reign of Terror, but no competent enough to lead the war.
Napoleon Bonaparte
French emperor who first gained power after being caused to break up a royalist rebellion in Paris, protecting the Directory (which he eventually got rid of). Also, a former Jacobin.
Coup d'etat
1799, A sudden overthrow of the government by Napoleon.
A vote by the people.
government-run public schools
Napoleonic Code
One law code that everyone must obey with 7 parts
What did Napoleon set up to prevent all communication and trade with his enemy Great Britain
continental system
Napoleon's efforts to block foreign trade with England by forbidding Importation of British goods Into Europe.
Peninsular War
Napoleon invaded Spain, desposed the king and tried to put his brother Joseph on the throne; the Spanish resisted and defeated Napoleon's army
Czar Alexander I
refused to stop selling grain to Britain; Napoleon invaded, they practiced a scorched-earth policy and Napoleon left defeated
An island of Italy in the Mediterranean Sea where Napoleon was first exiled to.
Louis XVI brother, he was the king of France before and after Napoleon's exile.
Hundred Days
first hundred days of Franklin D. Roosevelt's presidency
Prince Klemens von Metternich
foreign minister of Austria who had goals for the Congress of Vienna
Hapsburg Dynasty
ruling family of Austria
popular acceptance of an authority
Horatio Nelson
English admiral who defeated the French fleets of Napoleon but was mortally wounded at Trafalgar (1758-1805)
Jacques Louis David
French painter; Painted various events of the French Revolution. His works include The Oath of the Horatii (17850 and The Death of Marat (1793).
list of grievances